David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Nursing Ethics 6 (2):150-156 (1999)
This article seeks to show one way in which moral philosophy, considered by the authors to be essential to the nursing and midwifery curricula, can be presented to achieve an optimal learning experience for nurses and midwives. It demonstrates that what might be considered a standard approach, that is, one that begins with ethical principles concerned with rights and duties and then often follows a linear pattern of teaching, may be in danger of promoting a focus on standardized outcomes. Such use of philosophy could therefore actually detract from the process of care. Moral philosophy underpinning health care ethics is commonly misperceived as a method of problem solving when there is an obvious dilemma regarding appropriate care and/or treatment. However, it is readily recognized that key principles within philosophy, for example, deontology and utilitarianism, despite their approach to a standard or criterion of right action, are both deficient in terms of providing ready-made right decisions. This is because their main virtue is to expose the difficulty rather than to solve the problem. Given these difficulties, any subsequent principles such as respect, beneficence, nonmaleficence and justice, incur the same deficiencies a fortiori. It can be argued that the complexity of the environment in which nurses and midwives now practice requires them to develop a capability that begins with the philosophical construction of an issue. This can subsequently enable a recognition of the essential nature of their own involvement as a nurse or midwife. By so doing, nurses and midwives can then bring issues into a nursing or midwifery paradigm and ensure that this perspective informs debate. Ultimately the focus is on the process by which care decisions are made. The intent therefore, is not simply for nurses or midwives to learn moral philosophy or to copy what is considered by others to be right action, but to recognize that a number of right actions are possible and, in so doing, develop their ability either to choose or influence a final action through a valid process. This article proposes and demonstrates by case example that what is often considered as a chance effect for nurses and midwives learning moral philosophy should be seen as the main effect and intended outcome
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Erich H. Loewy & Roberta Springer Loewy (2001). Bioethics at the Crossroad. Health Care Analysis 9 (4):463-476.
L. Schwartz, M. Hunt, C. Sinding, L. Elit, L. Redwood-Campbell, N. Adelson & S. de Laat (2012). Models for Humanitarian Health Care Ethics. Public Health Ethics 5 (1):81-90.
Erik Gustavsson (2013). From Needs to Health Care Needs. Health Care Analysis (1):1-14.
Catherine Anne Berglund (2004). Ethics for Health Care. Oxford University Press.
Larry R. Churchill (1999). The United States Health Care System Under Managed Care: How the Commodification of Health Care Distorts Ethics and Threatens Equity. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 7 (4):393-411.
Roger Stanev (2011). Review of Justice and Health Care: Selected Essays, by Allen Buchanan. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (2):137-142.
R. S. Downie (1994). Healthy Respect: Ethics in Health Care. Oxford University Press.
Laurie Zoloth (2001). Her Work Sings Her Praise. Spiritual Goods 2001:381-401.
P. Nortvedt (2003). Levinas, Justice and Health Care. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (1):25-34.
Dan W. Brock (2000). Broadening the Bioethics Agenda. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (1):21-38.
Jerry Goodstein (2002). Fulfilling Institutional Responsibilities in Health Care. Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (4):433-450.
Lorian E. Hardcastle, Katherine L. Record, Peter D. Jacobson & Lawrence O. Gostin (2011). Improving the Population's Health: The Affordable Care Act and the Importance of Integration. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):317-327.
Wm Wildes S. J. Kevin (1999). More Questions Than Answers: The Commodification of Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (3):307 – 311.
John A. Gallagher & Jerry Goodstein (2002). Fulfilling Institutional Responsibilities in Health Care: Organizational Ethics and the Role of Mission Discernment. Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (4):433-450.
Jessica Pierce (2004). The Ethics of Environmentally Responsible Health Care. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2010-08-31
Total downloads5 ( #226,261 of 1,101,095 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #115,950 of 1,101,095 )
How can I increase my downloads?