David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
We advance a theory of inductive inference designed to predict the conditional probability that certain natural categories satisfy a given predicate given that others do (or do not). A key component of the theory is the similarity of the categories to one another. We measure such similarities in terms of the overlap of metabolic activity in voxels of various posterior regions of the brain in response to viewing instances of the category. The theory and similarity measure are tested against averaged probability judgments elicited from a separate group of subjects. Fruit serve as categories in the present experiment; results are compared to earlier work with mammals.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Matthew Weber & Daniel Osherson (2010). Similarity and Induction. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):245-264.
Theodore Hailperin (1991). Probability Logic in the Twentieth Century. History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (1):71-110.
Maria Concetta Di Maio (1995). Predictive Probability and Analogy by Similarity in Inductive Logic. Erkenntnis 43 (3):369 - 394.
Patrick Maher (2006). The Concept of Inductive Probability. Erkenntnis 65 (2):185 - 206.
Theo A. F. Kuipers (1984). Two Types of Inductive Analogy by Similarity. Erkenntnis 21 (1):63 - 87.
D. C. Stove (1973). Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism. Oxford,Clarendon Press.
A. W. F. Edwards (1972). Likelihood. Cambridge [Eng.]University Press.
Patrick Maher (2006). A Conception of Inductive Logic. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):513-523.
Christopher Gauker (2007). A Critique of the Similarity Space Theory of Concepts. Mind and Language 22 (4):317–345.
John D. Norton (2007). Probability Disassembled. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (2):141 - 171.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads2 ( #254,287 of 1,005,450 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?