David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Book I of the Republic, or so I shall argue, Plato gives us a glimpse of sheer horror. In the character, beliefs, and desires of Thrasymachus, Plato aims to personify some of the most diabolical dangers that lurk in human nature. In this way, the role that Thrasymachus plays for Plato is akin to the role that for Hobbes is played by the bellum omnium contra omnes, the war of all against all, which would allegedly be the inevitable result of a "state of nature", where human beings have no government to terrorize them into obedience. It is also akin to the role that for Kant is played by the "radical evil" that is allegedly an indelible feature of human nature itself. As I shall try to show, the desires that characterize Thrasymachus are of the kind that are described in Book IX as "lawless" desires, desire of the wild insane kind that dominate the tyrannical soul; and his beliefs systematically reflect these desires, in a way that has its own hideously coherent logic.
|Keywords||Plato's Republic Thrasymachus justice|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Rachel Barney (2006). Socrates' Refutation of Thrasymachus. In Gerasimos Xenophon Santas (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Plato's Republic. Blackwell Pub..
H. W. B. Joseph (1935/1971). Essays in Ancient and Modern Philosophy. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.
Nils Rauhut, Thrasymachus. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
George F. Hourani (1962). Thrasymachus' Definition of Justice in Plato's Republic. Phronesis 7 (1):110-120.
Leo Donald Davis (1970). The Arguments of Thrasymachus in the First Book of Plato's Republic. Modern Schoolman 47 (4):423-432.
Mark Anderson (2006). Argumentative Norms in Republic I. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 13 (2):18-23.
C. C. W. Taylor (2007). Nomos and Phusis in Democritus and Plato. Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (2):1-20.
William A. Welton (2006). Thrasymachus Vs. Socrates: What Counts as a Good Answer to the Question 'What is Justice'? (Republic 336b-9b). Apeiron 39 (4):293 - 317.
Joseph P. Maguire (1971). Thrasymachus --- or Plato? Phronesis 16 (2):142 - 163.
A. G. N. Flew (1995). Responding to Plato's Thrasymachus. Philosophy 70 (273):436 - 447.
P. P. Nicholson (1974). Unravelling Thrasymachus' Arguments in "The Republic". Phronesis 19 (3):210 - 232.
Yuji Kurihara (2008). Plato on Injustice in Republic Book I. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 2:133-139.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads80 ( #21,053 of 1,679,342 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #23,374 of 1,679,342 )
How can I increase my downloads?