David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Imagine a gadget, call it “brain-ovision,” for brain scanning that doesn’t create pictures of brains at all. That’s right, no orbs spattered with colorful “activations” that need to be interpreted by neuroanatomists. Instead, with brain-o-vision, what a brain sees is what you get—an image of what that brain is experiencing. If the person who owns the brain is envisioning lunch, up pops a cheeseburger on the screen. If the person is reading a book, the screen shows the words. For that matter, if the brain owner is feeling pain, perhaps brain-o-vision could reach out and swat the viewer with a rolled-up newspaper. Brain-ovision could give us access to another person’s consciousness (1). Technologies for brain-o-vision are beginning to seem possible. We are learning how brain activations map onto emotions, memories, and mental processes, and it won’t be long before we might translate activations into Google searches for images of what the brain is thinking. There is a specific brain area linked with face perception (2), for instance, and even a neuron that fires when it sees Jennifer Aniston (3). So why, in principle, shouldn’t we be able to scan a brain and discover when it is looking at her—and eventually even learn what she’s wearing? Of course, it may be many years to the beta version. But imagine that everything works out and brain-o-vision goes on sale at Wal- Mart. Could the device solve the problem of whether consciousness causes behavior? With direct evidence of a person’s consciousness, we could do science on the question. We could observe regularities in the relation between consciousness (say, a thought of sipping coffee) and behavior (the actual drink). If the consciousness always preceded the behavior (and never occurred without being followed by the behavior), we could arrive at the inductive inference of causation and, as scientists, be quite happy that we had established a causal connection.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Bernard Korzeniewski (2010). From Neurons to Self-Consciousness: How the Brain Generates the Mind. Humanity Books.
Daniel C. Dennett (2002). Does Your Brain Use the Images in It, and If so, How? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):189-190.
Antti Revonsuo (2001). Can Functional Brain Imaging Discover Consciousness in the Brain? Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (3):3-23.
Charles D. Keyes (1999). Brain Mystery Light and Dark: The Rhythm and Harmony of Consciousness. Routledge.
Jean E. Burns (1991). Does Consciousness Perform a Function Independently of the Brain? Frontier Perspectives, Center for Frontier Sciences, Temple University 2 (1):19-34.
Geraint Rees (2001). Can Philosophy Discover Consciousness in the Brain? Commentary on Revonsuo's Can Functional Brain Imaging Discover Consciousness in the Brain?. Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (3):34-38.
Elizabeth Schechter (2012). The Switch Model of Split-Brain Consciousness. Philosophical Psychology 25 (2):203 - 226.
Gregory M. Nixon (2012). You Are Not Your Brain: Against 'Teaching to the Brain'. Review of Higher Education and Self-Learning 5 (15):69-83.
Harry Francis Mallgrave (2010). The Architect's Brain: Neuroscience, Creativity, and Architecture. Wiley-Blackwell.
Michael S. Gazzaniga & Shaun Gallagher (1998). The Neuronal Platonist. Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (5-6):706-717.
Pietro Morasso (2007). The Crucial Role of Haptic Perception: Consciousness as the Emergent Property of the Interaction Between Brain Body and Environment. In Antonio Chella & Riccardo Manzotti (eds.), Artificial Consciousness. Imprint Academic. 234-255.
Gregory M. Nixon (2013). Scientism, Philosophy and Brain-Based Learning. Northwest Journal of Teacher Education 11 (2):113-144.
Paul L. Nunez (2010). Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality. Oxford University Press.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads1 ( #390,893 of 1,096,265 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #218,857 of 1,096,265 )
How can I increase my downloads?