David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Although the suppression of thoughts may seem to be an effective solution when thoughts are unwanted, this strategy can lead to a recurrence of the very thought that one is attempting to suppress. This ironic effect is the most obvious unwanted outcome of suppression and has been investigated empirically for more than two decades. However, even when suppression does not lead to an ironic rebound of the unwanted thought, it puts an insidious cognitive load on the individual attempting to suppress. Moreover, whether or not suppression leads to an exacerbation of the unwanted thought, it is rarely successful, and hence adds to the individual’s distress. In this article we describe the consequences of suppression and consider how it might complicate a range of emotional disorders. Taken together, studies on thought suppression in psychopathology present a more nuanced picture now than was emerging in the early years of its investigation. Some evidence is consistent with the idea that the counterproductive effects of suppression are causally implicated in disorders, but a more parsimonious conclusion is that thought suppression often acts as a complication of disorders. In certain disorders, suppression complicates the disorder by leading to an ironic rebound of the unwanted thoughts. In all disorders, the cost of undertaking suppression is a persistent cognitive load, which undermines the ability to suppress and sets off a cycle of failed expectations and distress.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Daniel M. Wegner (2008). The Gravity of Unwanted Thoughts: Asymmetric Priming Effects in Thought Suppression. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):114-124.
Hannah Reese, Celeste Beck & Daniel M. Wegner, Learning the Futility of the Thought Suppression Enterprise in Normal Experience and in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
Daniel M. Wegner & J. Erskine (2003). Voluntary Involuntariness: Thought Suppression and the Regulation of the Experience of Will. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):684-694.
S. Najmi & D. Wegner (2008). The Gravity of Unwanted Thoughts: Asymmetric Priming Effects in Thought Suppression. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):114-124.
Golan Shahar (2006). Repression, Suppression, and Oppression (in Depression). Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):533-534.
N. I. Makarova (2008). Non-Suppressive Educational Activity is the Future of Modern Russian Educational. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 37:189-193.
Daniel M. Wegner (1989). White Bears and Other Unwanted Thoughts: Suppression, Obsession, and the Psychology of Mental Control. Penguin.
Naotsugu Tsuchiya & Christof Koch (2005). Continuous Flash Suppression Reduces Negative Afterimages. Nature Neuroscience 8 (8):1096-1101.
Ewald Neumann (2003). Meshing Glenberg's Embodied Memories with Negative Priming Research on Suppression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):642-643.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads9 ( #177,741 of 1,410,136 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,743 of 1,410,136 )
How can I increase my downloads?