Torture and judgments of guilt
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Although torture can establish guilt through confession, how are judgments of guilt made when tortured suspects do not confess? We suggest that perceived guilt is based inappropriately upon how much pain suspects appear to suffer during torture. Two psychological theories provide competing predictions about the link between pain and perceived blame: cognitive dissonance, which links pain to blame, and moral typecasting, which links pain to innocence. We hypothesized that dissonance might characterize the relationship between torture and blame for those close to the torture, while moral typecasting might characterize this relationship for those more distant from it. Accordingly, this experiment placed participants into one of two different roles in which people may be exposed to torture. Participants in the proximal role of prison staffer saw suffering torture victims as relatively more guilty, while participants in the relatively distant role of a radio listener saw suffering victims as more innocent.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Adam Waytz, Kurt Gray, Nicholas Epley & Daniel Wegner (2010). Causes and Consequences of Mind Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (8):383-388.
Siri Leknes & Brock Bastian (2014). The Benefits of Pain. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (1):57-70.
Similar books and articles
Jeff McMahan (2008). Torture in Principle and in Practice. Public Affairs Quarterly 22 (2):91-108.
Andreas Maier (forthcoming). Torture. How Denying Moral Standing Violates Human Dignity. In Webster Elaine & Kaufmann Paulus (eds.), Violations of Human Dignity. Springer
Seumas Miller (2005). Is Torture Ever Morally Justifiable? International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):179-192.
Stephen Kershnar (2005). For Interrogational Torture. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):223-241.
D. R. Koukal (2009). Torture. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):305-314.
Yuval Ginbar (2010). Why Not Torture Terrorists?: Moral, Practical, and Legal Aspects of the 'Ticking Bomb' Justification for Torture. OUP Oxford.
J. Jeremy Wisnewski (2008). It's About Time: Defusing the Ticking Bomb Argument. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):103-116.
Fritz Allhoff (2003). Terrorism and Torture. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (1):121-134.
Fritz Allhoff (2005). Terrorism and Torture. In Timothy Shanahan (ed.), International Journal of Applied Philosophy. Open Court 121-134.
Christine E. Gudorf (2011). Feminist Approaches to Religion and Torture. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (4):613-621.
Added to index2010-06-10
Total downloads41 ( #96,519 of 1,790,069 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #105,718 of 1,790,069 )
How can I increase my downloads?