David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 187 (1):223-241 (2012)
Groups of people perform acts. For example, a committee passes a resolution, a team wins a game, and an orchestra performs a symphony. These collective acts may be evaluated for rationality. Take a committee’s passing a resolution. This act may be evaluated not only for fairness but also for rationality. Did it take account of all available information? Is the resolution consistent with the committee’s past resolutions? Standards of collective rationality apply to collective acts, that is, acts that groups of people perform. What makes a collective act evaluable for rationality? What methods of evaluation apply to collective acts? This paper addresses these two questions. Collective rationality is rationality’s extension from individuals to groups. The paper’s first few sections review key points about rationality. They identify the features of an individual’s act that make it evaluable for rationality and distinguish rationality’s methods of evaluating acts directly and indirectly controlled. This preliminary work yields general principles of rationality for all agents, both individuals and groups. Applying the general principles to groups answers the paper’s two main questions about collective rationality.
|Keywords||Control Coordination Decision theory Game theory Plans Rationality|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Michael Bacharach (2006). Beyond Individual Choice: Teams and Frames in Game Theory. Princeton University Press.
Rüdiger Bittner (2001). Doing Things for Reasons. Oxford University Press.
Michael Bratman (1999). Faces of Intention: Selected Essays on Intention and Agency. Cambridge University Press.
Sara Rachel Chant (2006). The Special Composition Question in Action. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):422–441.
Richard Jeffrey (1983). The Logic of Decision. University of Chicago Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Paul Weirich (2010). Collective Rationality: Equilibrium in Cooperative Games. Oxford University Press.
Raimo Tuomela (2005). Christopher McMahon, Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning:Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning. Ethics 116 (1):242-246.
Stephanie Collins (2013). Collectives' Duties and Collectivisation Duties. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):231-248.
Margaret P. Gilbert (2006). Rationality in Collective Action. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (1):3-17.
Don Ross (2006). Group Doxastic Rationality Need Not Supervene on Individual Rationality. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (S1):106-117.
Marion Smiley (2010). &Quot;from Moral Agency to Collective Wrongs: Re-Thinking Collective Moral Responsibility&Quot;. Journal of Law and Policy (1):171-202.
A. Morton (2003). Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning. Philosophical Review 112 (1):118-120.
Christopher McMahon (2003). Précis: Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning. Philosophical Studies 116 (2):153 - 157.
Nicholas Bardsley (2007). On Collective Intentions: Collective Action in Economics and Philosophy. [REVIEW] Synthese 157 (2):141 - 159.
Christopher McMahon (2003). Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning. Philosophical Studies 116 (2):153-157.
Georg Theiner (2013). Onwards and Upwards with the Extended Mind: From Individual to Collective Epistemic Action. In Linnda Caporael, James Griesemer & William Wimsatt (eds.), Developing Scaffolds. MIT Press. 191-208.
Peter Stone (2003). The Impossibility of Rational Politics? Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (2):239-263.
James B. Rule (1989). Rationality and Non-Rationality in Militant Collective Action. Sociological Theory 7 (2):145-160.
Added to index2011-10-18
Total downloads16 ( #101,209 of 1,098,973 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #79,853 of 1,098,973 )
How can I increase my downloads?