Destiny and Heavenly Ordinances: Two Perspectives on the Relationship between Heaven and Human Beings in Confucianism
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):13 - 37 (2009)
As a pair of important categories in traditional Chinese culture, "ming 命 (destiny or decrees)" and "tian ming 天命 (heavenly ordinances)" mainly refer to the constraints placed on human beings. Both originated from "ling 令 (decrees)," which evolved from "wang ling 王令 (royal decrees)" into "tian ling 天令 (heavenly decrees)," and then became "ming" from a throne because of the decisive role of "heavenly decrees" over a throne. "Ming" and "tian ming" have different definitions: "Ming" represented the limits Heaven placed on the natural lives of human beings and was an objective force that men could not direct, but was embodied in human beings as their "destiny"; "Tian ming" reflected the moral ideals of human beings in their self-identification; It originated in man but had to be verified by Heaven, and it was therefore the true ordinance that Heaven placed on human beings. "Ming" and "tian ming" are two perspectives on the traditional relationship between Heaven and human beings, and at the same time Confucians and Daoists placed different emphasis on them. /// 摘要 "命" 与 "天命" 是传统文化中的-对重要范畴，主要指人所受到的限制。 二者都起源 "令", 由 "王令" "而" 天令又因 "天令" 对王权的决定作用从 而成为王权之 "命" 。"命" 与 "天命" 有不同规定 "命" 体现着天对人之自然 生命的限制，表现的是人所无法驾驭的客观力量，但落实于人并表现为人之 "命" ; "天命" 体现的则是人之自我确认的道德理想，其虽然出于人却又必须证之于天， 所以是天之真正的命于人者。命与天命，既体现了传统天人关系的双重视角，同时 也是儒道两家不同探索侧重的一个基本分野。.
|Keywords||ming relationship between Heaven and human beings tian ming Confucians dual perspective|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Weixiang Ding (2009). Destiny and Heavenly Ordinances: Two Perspectives on the Relationship Between Heaven and Human Beings in Confucianism. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):13-37.
Shirley Chan (2012). Cosmology, Society, and Humanity: Tian in the Guodian Texts (Part II)1. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 39 (1):106-120.
Dahua Cui (2009). Rational Awareness of the Ultimate in Human Life — the Confucian Concept of “Destiny”. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (3):309-321.
Cui Dahua & Huang Deyuan (2009). Rational Awareness of the Ultimate in Human Life—The Confucian Concept of "Destiny". Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (3):309 - 321.
Philip J. Ivanhoe (2007). Heaven as a Source for Ethical Warrant in Early Confucianism. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (3):211-220.
Derong Chen (2009). Di 帝 and Tian 天 in Ancient Chinese Thought: A Critical Analysis of Hegel's Views. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 8 (1):13-27.
James F. Sennett (1999). Is There Freedom In Heaven? Faith and Philosophy 16 (1):69-82.
Kevin Timpe & Timothy Pawl (2009). Incompatibilism, Sin, and Free Will in Heaven. Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):398-419.
Timothy Pawl & Kevin Timpe (2009). Incompatibilism, Sin, and Free Will in Heaven. Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):398-419.
Youguang Li (2010). The True or the Artificial: Theories on Human Nature Before Mencius and Xunzi-Based on “ Sheng is From Ming , and Ming is From Tian ”. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (1):31-50.
Ted Slingerland (1996). The Conception of Ming in Early Confucian Thought. Philosophy East and West 46 (4):567-581.
Fulin Chao (2006). On the Origin and Development of the Idea of “de” in Pre-Qin Times. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (2):161-184.
Shih P'ing (1979). The "Doing Right Things on Behalf of Heaven" Promoted in the Book Shui Hu and Neo-Confucianism in the Sung and Ming Dynasties. Contemporary Chinese Thought 11 (2):19-26.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads4 ( #288,749 of 1,410,023 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,059 of 1,410,023 )
How can I increase my downloads?