David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (2):147-172 (2011)
The focus of this study is cognitive choice: the selection of one cognitive option (a hypothesis, a theory, or an axiom, for instance) rather than another. The study proposes that cognitive choice should be based on the plausibilities of states posited by rival cognitive options and the utilities of these options' information outcomes. The proposal introduces a form of decision theory that is novel because comparative; it permits many choices among cognitive options to be based on merely comparative plausibilities and utilities. This form of decision theory intersects with recommendations by advocates of decision theory for cognitive choice, on the one hand, and defenders of comparative evaluation of scientific hypotheses and theories, on the other. But it differs from prior decision-theoretic proposals because it requires no more than minimal precision in specifying plausibilities and utilities. And it differs from comparative proposals because none has shown how comparative evaluations can be carried out within a decision-theoretic framework.
|Keywords||Decision theory Cognitive choice Probability Plausibility Utility Information|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Thomas S. Kuhn (1996). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. University of Chicago Press.
Richard Jeffrey (1983). The Logic of Decision. University of Chicago Press.
Leonard J. Savage (1954). The Foundations of Statistics. Wiley Publications in Statistics.
Larry Laudan (1984). Science and Values: The Aims of Science and Their Role in Scientific Debate. University of California Press.
Citations of this work BETA
John R. Welch (2013). New Tools for Theory Choice and Theory Diagosis. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 44 (3):318-329.
John R. Welch (2014). Plausibilistic Coherence. Synthese 191 (10):2239-2253.
John R. Welch (2013). New Tools for Theory Choice and Theory Diagnosis. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):318-329.
Similar books and articles
John R. Welch (2012). Real-Life Decisions and Decision Theory. In Sabine Roeser, Rafaela Hillerbrand, Per Sandin & Martin Peterson (eds.), Handbook of Risk Theory. Springer
Allison Barnes & Paul Thagard (1996). Emotional Decisions. In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum 426--429.
Neil Stewart, Nick Chater, Henry P. Stott & Stian Reimers (2003). Prospect Relativity: How Choice Options Influence Decision Under Risk. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (1):23.
Darren Bradley (2013). Decision Theory, Philosophical Perspectives. In Hal Pashler (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Mind. Sage
Vivian Charles Walsh (1967). On the Significance of Choice Sets with Incompatibilities. Philosophy of Science 34 (3):243-250.
Reed Richter (1984). Rationality Revisited. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (4):392 – 403.
José Gaxiola (2008). Cogniton, Rationality and Decision. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 33:67-73.
Sebastiano Bavetta & Marco Del Seta (2001). Constraints and the Measurement of Freedom of Choice. Theory and Decision 50 (3):213-238.
Kevin Morrell (2004). Decision Making and Business Ethics: The Implications of Using Image Theory in Preference to Rational Choice. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 50 (3):239-252.
John C. Harsanyi (1985). Acceptance of Empirical Statements: A Bayesian Theory Without Cognitive Utilities. Theory and Decision 18 (1):1-30.
Cristiano Castelfranchi, Francesca Giardini & Francesca Marzo (2006). Symposium on ''Cognition and Rationality: Part I'' Relationships Between Rational Decisions, Human Motives, and Emotions. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 5 (2):173-197.
Paul Weirich (1986). Decisions in Dynamic Settings. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:438 - 449.
José Luis Bermúdez (2010). Pitfalls for Realistic Decision Theory: An Illustration From Sequential Choice. Synthese 176 (1):23 - 40.
Added to index2010-12-06
Total downloads43 ( #104,097 of 1,938,821 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #458,338 of 1,938,821 )
How can I increase my downloads?