David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):615-626 (2004)
In a well known story Derek Parfit describes a disconnection between two entities that normally (in real life) travel together through space and time, namely your personal identity consisting of both mind and body. Realising the possibility of separation, even if it might never happen in real life, new questions arise that cast doubt on old solutions. In human reproduction, in real life, at present the fetus spends approximately nine months inside the pregnant woman. But, we might envisage other possibilities. Historically, the first era is the normal conception inside the woman, the growth of the fetus in the womb and then, after nine months, birth and the appearance of a new individual. The second era is In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). The fetus starts outside the woman as a fertilised egg, moves to the body of the woman and spends nine month there, where the body of the woman and the fetus travel together in space-time to separate at birth. In the third era of reproductive ectogenesis, the two never travel together. The fetus spends its gestational time entirely outside the woman’s body. We have two entities separated in space-time the whole time. The intimate connection consisting in the fetus being a part of the woman’s body is gone.
|Keywords||ethics reproductive ectogenesis normal gestation In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) xenotransplantation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Derek Parfit (1984). Reasons and Persons. Oxford University Press.
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
Jonathan Glover (forthcoming). What Sort of People Should There Be? Philosophical Explorations.
D. R. Hofstadter & D. C. Dennett (eds.) (1981). The Mind's I: Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul. New York, Basic Books.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mary Catharine Baseheart (1989). Edith Stein's Philosophy of Woman and of Women's Education. Hypatia 4 (1):120 - 131.
Habib Ahmad Sajid Ul-Ghafoor & Muhammad Ilyas Mukhtar Alam (2010). Abortion and Protection of the Human Fetus: Religious and Legal Problems in Pakistan. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 15 (2):55-59.
Jeff McMahan (2006). Paradoxes of Abortion and Prenatal Injury. Ethics 116 (4):625-655.
Eric T. Olson (1997). Was I Ever a Fetus? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (1):95-110.
Nancy Tuana (1988). The Weaker Seed the Sexist Bias of Reproductive Theory. Hypatia 3 (1):35 - 59.
Enrico Maestri (2011). Fabbriche Della Vita. La Critica Ecofemminista Alle Tecniche Riproduttive Artificiali. Ragion Pratica 37 (2):417-442.
T. Boni (2010). Wounded Bodies, Recovered Bodies: Discourses Around Female Sexual Mutilations. Diogenes 57 (1):15-29.
Rebecca Hanrahan (2007). The Decision to Abort. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (1):25-41.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads39 ( #91,962 of 1,780,586 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #122,051 of 1,780,586 )
How can I increase my downloads?