David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):615-626 (2004)
In a well known story Derek Parfit describes a disconnection between two entities that normally (in real life) travel together through space and time, namely your personal identity consisting of both mind and body. Realising the possibility of separation, even if it might never happen in real life, new questions arise that cast doubt on old solutions. In human reproduction, in real life, at present the fetus spends approximately nine months inside the pregnant woman. But, we might envisage other possibilities. Historically, the first era is the normal conception inside the woman, the growth of the fetus in the womb and then, after nine months, birth and the appearance of a new individual. The second era is In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). The fetus starts outside the woman as a fertilised egg, moves to the body of the woman and spends nine month there, where the body of the woman and the fetus travel together in space-time to separate at birth. In the third era of reproductive ectogenesis, the two never travel together. The fetus spends its gestational time entirely outside the woman’s body. We have two entities separated in space-time the whole time. The intimate connection consisting in the fetus being a part of the woman’s body is gone.
|Keywords||ethics reproductive ectogenesis normal gestation In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) xenotransplantation|
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References found in this work BETA
Derek Parfit (1984). Reasons and Persons. Oxford University Press.
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
Jonathan Glover (forthcoming). What Sort of People Should There Be? Philosophical Explorations.
D. R. Hofstadter & D. C. Dennett (eds.) (1981). The Mind's I: Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul. New York, Basic Books.
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