David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 54 (2):173 - 183 (2004)
The purpose of this paper is to present the results of a natural experiment involving academic cheating by university students. We explore the relationship of moral judgment (as measured using the defining issues test) to actual behavior, as well as the relationship between the honesty of students self-reports and the extent of cheating. We were able to determine the extent to which students actually cheated on the take-home portion of an accounting exam. The take-home problem was not assigned with the intent of inducing cheating among students. However, the high rate of observed cheating prompted the instructor to return to class and ask the students to provide information on their motivation. The students'' responses are the data analyzed in this natural experiment. We found that in a simple regression the relationship between moral judgment scores and cheating behavior was insignificant. However, when we tested whether including Utilizer scores (i.e. the extent to which people select actions based on notions of justice) affected the relationship of cheating and moral judgment we found that Utilizer affected the relationship significantly. Finally, we found that moral judgment and honesty were not related, but higher levels of cheating behavior related to less honesty.
|Keywords||Accounting students Cheating Defining issues test Ethics Honesty Moral judgment|
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Steven Kaplan, Kurt Pany, Janet Samuels & Jian Zhang (2009). An Examination of the Association Between Gender and Reporting Intentions for Fraudulent Financial Reporting. Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):15 - 30.
Anastasios A. Zopiatis & Maria Krambia-Kapardis (2008). Ethical Behaviour of Tertiary Education Students in Cyprus. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (3):647 - 663.
Mehran Nejati, Reza Jamali & Mostafa Nejati (2009). Students' Ethical Behavior in Iran. Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (4):277-285.
James Weber & Elaine McGivern (2010). A New Methodological Approach for Studying Moral Reasoning Among Managers in Business Settings. Journal of Business Ethics 92 (1):149 - 166.
Peter W. Schuhmann, Robert T. Burrus, Preston D. Barber, J. Edward Graham & M. Fara Elikai (2013). Using the Scenario Method to Analyze Cheating Behaviors. Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (1):17-33.
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