Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (1):135-156 (1989)
|Abstract||In the conceptual preliminaries of his philosophical Encyclopedia Hegel discusses three approaches to epistemology under the headings of three ‘Attitudes of Thought Toward Objectivity’. The third of these is Jacobi’s doctrine of ‘immediate’ or intuitive knowledge. Hegel’s discussion presumes great familiarity with Jacobi’s highly polemical and now seldom read texts. In this essay I disambiguate and reconstruct Hegel’s discussion of Jacobi, in close consideration of Jacobi’s texts, showing why Hegel finds him important and what Hegel’s objections to his doctrines are. Jacobi’s importance for Hegel lies in three points. First, Hegel agrees with Jacobi’s claim, against Kant, that God and the world are themselves knowable. Second, Hegel must answer Jacobi’s charge that discursive thinking ineluctably leads to determinism and ultimately to nihilism. Third, Hegel’s analysis of Jacobi’s doctrine of ‘immediate knowledge’ reveals some points that are important to Hegel’s metaphysics. Hegel mounts five objections to Jacobi’s doctrine. First, Jacobi’s key term ‘immediacy’ illicitly equivocates among the rejection of three different kinds of ‘mediation’: syllogistic inference, the application of concepts, and representational accounts of perception. Second, Jacobi’s doctrine of a-conceptual knowledge is untenable because one must apply concepts to objects in order identify objects and thus to know what kinds of things known objects are. Third, if a fundamental point of Hegel’s holistic ontology (explained in the essay) is correct, then the identity conditions of things are interdependent, and this interdependence would render ‘immediate’ knowledge impossible. Fourth, Jacobi’s doctrine is self-referentially inconsistent: it is possible on his doctrine to prove that his doctrine is false. Finally, Jacobi’s doctrine licenses question-begging and is in principle unable to address or to settle disagreements among divergent intuitions.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Rolf Ahlers (2003). Vitalism and System. Idealistic Studies 33 (1):83-113.
William H. F. Altman (2007). Exotericism After Lessing: The Enduring Influence of F. H. Jacobi on Leo Strauss. Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 15 (1):59-83.
Richard Mark Fincham (2011). Transcendental Idealism and the Problem of the External World. Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (2):221-241.
Kipton E. Jensen (2000). Making Room for Reason. Philosophy and Theology 12 (2):359-376.
Gerhard Höhn (1970). F. H. Jacobi Et G. W. Hegel Ou la Naissance du Nihilisme Et la Renaissance du « Logos ». Revue de Métaphysique Et de Morale 75 (2):129 - 150.
Author unknown, Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (2009). Heidelberg Writings: Journal Publications. Cambridge University Press.
Julie E. Maybee (2009). Picturing Hegel: An Illustrated Guide to Hegel's Encyclopaedia Logic. Lexington Books.
F. Beiser (2003). Hegel and Naturphilosophie. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (1):135-147.
Robert Stern (2012). Is Hegel's Master–Slave Dialectic a Refutation of Solipsism? British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (2):333-361.
James Schmidt (1999). Liberalism and Enlightenment in Eighteenth‐Century Germany. Critical Review 13 (1-2):31-53.
Allen Speight (2001). Hegel, Literature, and the Problem of Agency. Cambridge University Press.
Edward P. Mahoney (1974). Jacobi de Viterbio O. E. S. A. Disputatio Prima de Quolibet, And: Jacobi de Viterbio O. E. S. A. Disputatio Secunda de Quolibet (Review). [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 12 (2):257-258.
Added to index2010-09-15
Total downloads10 ( #106,301 of 549,087 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #25,722 of 549,087 )
How can I increase my downloads?