David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 60 (1/3):117 - 137 (2006)
The kind of phenomenology that can be useful to theology will be a hermeneutical phenomenology, one that takes us beyond the Cartesian/Husserlian ideal of presuppositionless intuition. It will also be a phenomenology of inverse intentionality, one in which the constituting subject is constituted by the look and the voice of another. In light of these suggestions, the phenomenology of Jean-Luc Marion is defended against three critiques, namely that it compromises the boundary between phenomenology and theology, that the theology it serves is a bad one to boot, and that it has an inadequate account of the subject. At the heart of this defense is Marion's clear distinction between phenomenology as a description of possible experience, and theology as the claim that a certain kind of experience, namely revelation or epiphany, is not merely actual but veridical. Phenomenology says, If revelation occurs it will be in the form of a saturated phenomenon. Theology says, for example, the burning bush was an epiphany, or Jesus Christ is a revelation. The attentive reader should have no trouble distinguishing Marion's phenomenological analyses, which should be persuasive to believer and unbeliever alike, from his theological claims. Marion's account of the subject falls under the heading of inverse intentionality, and there are hints that vision is aufgehoben in the voice. The seer is first of all the one seen, but above all the one addressed, called forth into response-able being
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References found in this work BETA
Jacques Derrida (2008). The Gift of Death. University of Chicago Press.
Emmanuel Levinas (1961/1969). Totality and Infinity. Pittsburgh, Duquesne University Press.
Martin Heidegger (1998). Pathmarks. Cambridge University Press.
Merold Westphal (1990). Taking St. Paul Seriously: Sin as an Epistemological Category. In Thomas P. Flint (ed.), Christian Philosophy. Univ Notre Dame Pr 200--226.
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Citations of this work BETA
Ashok Collins (forthcoming). Being Exposed to Love: The Death of God in Jean-Luc Marion and Jean-Luc Nancy. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-23.
Matthew I. Burch (2010). Blurred Vision: Marion on the 'Possibility' of Revelation. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 67 (3):157 - 171.
J. Aaron Simmons (2008). God in Recent French Phenomenology. Philosophy Compass 3 (5):910-932.
Matthew I. Burch (2010). Blurred Vision: Marion on the ‘Possibility’ of Revelation. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 67 (3):157-171.
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Michael Purcell (2010). IJPR: Beyond the Limit and Limiting the Beyond. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 68 (1):121-138.
John Panteleimon Manoussakis (2008). The Revelation of the Phenomena and the Phenomenon of Revelation. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 82 (4):705-719.
Jean-Luc Marion (2001). The Idol and Distance: Five Studies. Fordham University Press.
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Declan Lawell (2009). Thomas Aquinas, Jean-Luc Marion, and an Alleged Category Mistake Involving God and Being. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 83 (1):23-50.
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Shane Mackinlay (2010). Interpreting Excess: Jean-Luc Marion, Saturated Phenomena, and Hermeneutics. Fordham University Press.
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