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Imagine how it must appear to the Martian making his first visit to earth. Let us suppose that he too is an intel­ligent being whose intelligence has, however, evolved without the mediation of language, but rather, say, through the develop­ment of ESP. So he is some­thing like the angels who, according to St. Thomas, can see things directly in their essences and communi­cate thought without language. What is the first thing he notices about earthlings? That they are forever making mouthy little sounds--clicks, hisses, howls, hoots, explosions, squeaks--some of which sounds name things in the world and are uttered in short sequen­ces which say something about these things and events in the world.
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