David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Psychology 2 (1):111 – 124 (1989)
A theory of syllogistic reasoning is proposed, derived from the medieval doctrine of 'distribution of terms'. This doctrine may or may not furnish an adequate ground for the logic of the syllogism but does appear to illuminate the psychological processes involved. Syllogistic thinking is shown to have its origins in the approach and avoidance behaviour of pre-verbal organisms and, in verbal (human) organisms, to bridge the gap between the intuitive grasp shown by most of us of the validity of simple logical arguments and the failure of intuition in more complex arguments that require resort to calculation. Some difficulties are considered affecting the use of syllogisms as experimental material. These include failure on the part of the investigator to take account of the fact that a syllogism is always part of a continuing argument in which the topic of the argument is known to all parties and the possibility that subjects may find ways of appearing to solve syllogisms without actually doing so.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
P. T. Geach (1972). Logic Matters. Oxford,Blackwell.
W. C. Kneale (1962/1984). The Development of Logic. Oxford University Press.
G. Spencer-Brown (1972). Laws of Form. New York,Julian Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Bruno G. Bara (1993). Toward a Developmental Theory of Mental Models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):336.
Alec Fisher (1993). Mental Models and Informal Logic. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):349.
Bruce J. MacLennan (1993). Visualizing the Possibilities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):356-357.
Keith Stenning & Jon Oberlander (1993). Nonsentential Representation and Nonformality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):365.
Paul Pollard (1993). There is No Need for (Even Fully Fleshed Out) Mental Models to Map Onto Formal Logic. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):363.
Similar books and articles
Thom Paul (2010). Three Conceptions of Formal Logic. Vivarium 48 (1-2):228-242.
Paul Thom (2010). Three Conceptions of Formal Logic. Vivarium 48 (1-2):228-242.
Phil Corkum (forthcoming). Is Aristotle's Syllogistic a Logic? History and Philosophy of Logic.
Bart Geurts (2003). Reasoning with Quantifiers. Cognition 86 (3):223--251.
Susanne Bobzien (1996). Stoic Syllogistic. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 14:133-92.
Alison Capon, Simon Handley & Ian Dennis (2003). Working Memory and Reasoning: An Individual Differences Perspective. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):203 – 244.
Guy Politzer & Hugo Mercier (2008). Solving Categorical Syllogisms with Singular Premises. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):434 – 454.
Hugo Mercier & Guy Politzer (2011). Solving Categorical Syllogisms with Singular Premises. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):434-454.
Norman E. Wetherick (1993). Psychology and Syllogistic Reasoning: Further Considerations. Philosophical Psychology 6 (4):423 – 440.
Added to index2009-03-08
Total downloads7 ( #263,048 of 1,696,464 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #342,645 of 1,696,464 )
How can I increase my downloads?