David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Psychology 2 (1):111 – 124 (1989)
A theory of syllogistic reasoning is proposed, derived from the medieval doctrine of 'distribution of terms'. This doctrine may or may not furnish an adequate ground for the logic of the syllogism but does appear to illuminate the psychological processes involved. Syllogistic thinking is shown to have its origins in the approach and avoidance behaviour of pre-verbal organisms and, in verbal (human) organisms, to bridge the gap between the intuitive grasp shown by most of us of the validity of simple logical arguments and the failure of intuition in more complex arguments that require resort to calculation. Some difficulties are considered affecting the use of syllogisms as experimental material. These include failure on the part of the investigator to take account of the fact that a syllogism is always part of a continuing argument in which the topic of the argument is known to all parties and the possibility that subjects may find ways of appearing to solve syllogisms without actually doing so.
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References found in this work BETA
W. C. Kneale (1962/1984). The Development of Logic. Oxford University Press.
P. T. Geach (1972). Logic Matters. Oxford,Blackwell.
G. Spencer-Brown (1972). Laws of Form. New York,Julian Press.
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Citations of this work BETA
Allen Newell (1992). SOAR as a Unified Theory of Cognition: Issues and Explanations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):464-492.
Mike Oaksford (1993). Mental Models and the Tractability of Everyday Reasoning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):360.
Philip N. Johnson-Laird & Ruth M. J. Byrne (1993). Précis of Deduction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):323.
Jon Barwise (1993). Everyday Reasoning and Logical Inference. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):337.
Allen Newell (1992). Précis of Unified Theories of Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):425-437.
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