David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Psychology 2 (1):111 – 124 (1989)
A theory of syllogistic reasoning is proposed, derived from the medieval doctrine of 'distribution of terms'. This doctrine may or may not furnish an adequate ground for the logic of the syllogism but does appear to illuminate the psychological processes involved. Syllogistic thinking is shown to have its origins in the approach and avoidance behaviour of pre-verbal organisms and, in verbal (human) organisms, to bridge the gap between the intuitive grasp shown by most of us of the validity of simple logical arguments and the failure of intuition in more complex arguments that require resort to calculation. Some difficulties are considered affecting the use of syllogisms as experimental material. These include failure on the part of the investigator to take account of the fact that a syllogism is always part of a continuing argument in which the topic of the argument is known to all parties and the possibility that subjects may find ways of appearing to solve syllogisms without actually doing so.
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References found in this work BETA
P. T. Geach (1972). Logic Matters. Oxford,Blackwell.
W. C. Kneale (1962/1984). The Development of Logic. Oxford University Press.
G. Spencer-Brown (1972). Laws of Form. New York,Julian Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Alec Fisher (1993). Mental Models and Informal Logic. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):349.
Bruno G. Bara (1993). Toward a Developmental Theory of Mental Models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):336.
Bruce J. MacLennan (1993). Visualizing the Possibilities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):356-357.
Keith Stenning & Jon Oberlander (1993). Nonsentential Representation and Nonformality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):365.
Paul Pollard (1993). There is No Need for (Even Fully Fleshed Out) Mental Models to Map Onto Formal Logic. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):363.
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