David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (2):197-208 (2000)
This essay argues that humans have not fully understood the cognitive and affective capacities of dolphins, and that we have mistakenly defended as morally acceptable practices that actually harm dolphins. In particular, this essay argues that the current use of hundreds of captive dolphins by Sea World and similar facilities in the entertainment industry is ethically indefensible. Focusing primarily on critical differences between humans and dolphins, this essay argues that central concepts like “intelligence” and “language” (which have played a critical role in discussions about whether dolphins have moral standing) should be seen as species-specific, not universal notions. As a result, there are insufficient grounds to make the traditional claim that dolphins’ cognitive capacities place them on a significantly lower spot in the moral hierarchy than humans. This paper also claims that the full development of dolphin personalities may depend on the richness of social interaction that is common in the life of a dolphin in the wild. Consequently, dolphins can probably experience a greater degree of emotional pain or deprivation in captivity than has traditionally been thought
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Traci Warkentin (2011). Interspecies Etiquette in Place Ethical Affordances in Swim-With-Dolphins Programs. Ethics and the Environment 16 (1):99-122.
Thomas I. White (2010). Dolphin People. The Philosophers' Magazine 49 (49):36-43.
James E. King (2003). Parsimonious Explanations and Wider Evolutionary Consequences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):347-348.
Mary Midgley (1996). Utopias, Dolphins, and Computers: Problems in Philosophical Plumbing. Routledge.
Morris Goldsmith & Asher Koriat (2003). Dolphins on the Witness Stand? The Comparative Psychology of Strategic Memory Regulation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):345-346.
Derek Browne (2004). Do Dolphins Know Their Own Minds? Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):633-53.
Thomas R. Zentall (2003). Evidence Both for and Against Metacognition is Insufficient. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):357-358.
Lori Marino (2003). Can We Be Too Uncertain About Uncertainty Responses? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):348-349.
Michael Philips (1998). Mary Midgley, Utopias, Dolphins, and Computers: Problems of Philosophical Plumbing:Utopias, Dolphins, and Computers: Problems of Philosophical Plumbing. Ethics 108 (4):813-814.
Michael Scheer (2011). Review of Self-Initiated Behaviors of Free-Ranging Cetaceans Directed Towards Human Swimmers and Waders During Open Water Encounters. [REVIEW] Interaction Studies 11 (3):442-466.
Julia Tanner (2008). Species as a Relationship. Acta Analytica 23 (4):337-347.
Stan A. Kuczaj, John D. Gory & Mark J. Xitco (1998). Using Programs to Solve Problems: Imitation Versus Insight. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):695-696.
J. L. Nelson (1988). Animals, Handicapped Children and the Tragedy of Marginal Cases. Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (4):191-193.
Julian Paul Keenan & Mark A. Wheeler (2001). Elucidation of the Brain Correlates of Cognitive Empathy and Self-Awareness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):40-41.
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads9 ( #155,672 of 1,098,832 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #174,441 of 1,098,832 )
How can I increase my downloads?