David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
OUP Oxford (2003)
Many governments today are engaged in far-reaching programs of 'welfare reform'. But what would a just program of welfare reform consist in? Is the current emphasis on linking welfare 'rights' to 'responsibilities' justifiable? In this book, Stuart White reconsiders the principles of economic citizenship appropriate to a democratic society, and explores the radical implications of these principles for public policy. According to White, justice demands that economic cooperation satisfy a standard of 'fair reciprocity'. Against a background of institutions that are sufficiently just in other respects, those citizens who share in the social product have an obligation to make a productive contribution back to the community in return: every citizen should 'do her bit'. While prominent in the work of many past egalitarian thinkers, this duty to contribute has not received much attention in recent political theory. White seeks to redress this neglect, and to show why and how the claims of reciprocity should be integrated with other important concerns that have featured more prominently in recent literature. These include the concerns to prevent brute luck disadvantage and economic vulnerability. From the standpoint of fair reciprocity, it is not necessarily unjust to link welfare rights with the performance of work-related responsibilities. But the justice of such a linkage depends on how far economic institutions meet other requirements of justice. In policy terms, fair reciprocity thus calls for a generous 'civic minimum' in which work-related welfare benefits are complemented by other policies designed to prevent poverty and vulnerability, secure opportunity for meaningful work, and eliminate class-based inequalities in educational opportunity and inherited wealth. In concluding, White contests the fashionable view that egalitarian reform is unfeasible in contemporary circumstances. The philosophy of fair reciprocity provides the basis for a new public conversation about economic citizenship, in which all citizens - not just those currently amongst the welfare poor - are encouraged to confront their responsibility to others.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$39.80 used (54% off) $70.48 new (18% off) $75.99 direct from Amazon (11% off) Amazon page|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jeffrey Moriarty (2013). Smilansky, Arneson, and the Asymmetry of Desert. Philosophical Studies 162 (3):537-545.
Alexander Brown (2011). The Slavery of the Not So Talented. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (2):185-196.
Even Nilssen & Nanna Kildal (2009). New Contractualism in Social Policy and the Norwegian Fight Against Poverty and Social Exclusion. Ethics and Social Welfare 3 (3):303-321.
Shane J. Ralston (2010). Can Pragmatists Be Institutionalists? John Dewey Joins the Non-Ideal/Ideal Theory Debate. Human Studies 33 (1):65-84.
Daniel Halliday (2013). Justice and Taxation. Philosophy Compass 8 (12):1111-1122.
Similar books and articles
Shlomi Segall (2005). Unconditional Welfare Benefits and the Principle of Reciprocity. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 4 (3):331-354.
Elizabeth Anderson (2004). Welfare, Work Requirements, and Dependant-Care. Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (3):243-256.
Daniel M. Hausman (2006). Economic Analysis, Moral Philosophy, and Public Policy. Cambridge University Press.
Marc A. Cohen (2010). The Narrow Application of Rawls in Business Ethics: A Political Conception of Both Stakeholder Theory and the Morality of Markets. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (4):563-579.
Kerry J. Kennedy (2007). Student Constructions of 'Active Citizenship': What Does Participation Mean to Students? British Journal of Educational Studies 55 (3):304 - 324.
Mary E. Hobgood (1997). Poor Women, Work, and the U.S. Catholic Bishops: Discerning Myth From Reality in Welfare Reform. Journal of Religious Ethics 25 (2):307 - 333.
Steven Daskal (2008). Fellow Citizenship and U.S. Welfare Policy. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):281-301.
Norman P. Barry (1990). The Philosophy of the Welfare State. Critical Review 4 (4):545-568.
Anca Gheaus (2008). Gender Justice and the Welfare State in Post-Communism. Feminist Theory 9 (2):185-206.
Added to index2012-01-31
Total downloads3 ( #297,594 of 1,102,818 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #182,775 of 1,102,818 )
How can I increase my downloads?