David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In L. Magnani (ed.), computational intelligence (2009)
Abstract. Recent developments, both in the cognitive sciences and in world events, bring special emphasis to the study of morality. The cognitive sci- ences, spanning neurology, psychology, and computational intelligence, offer substantial advances in understanding the origins and purposes of morality. Meanwhile, world events urge the timely synthesis of these insights with tra- ditional accounts that can be easily assimilated and practically employed to augment moral judgment, both to solve current problems and to direct future action. The object of the following paper is to present such a synthesis in the form of a model of moral cognition, the ACTWith model of conscience. The purpose of the model is twofold. One, the ACTWith model is intended to shed light on personal moral dispositions, and to provide a tool for actual human moral agents in the refinement of their moral lives. As such, it re- lies on the power of personal introspection, bolstered by the careful study of moral exemplars available to all persons in all cultures in the form of literary or religious figures, if not in the form of contemporary peers and especially leadership. Two, the ACTWith model is intended as a minimum architec- ture for fully functional artificial morality. As such, it is essentially amodal, implementation non-specific and is developed in the form of an information processing control system. There are given as few hard points in this sys- tem as necessary for moral function, and these are themselves taken from review of actual human cognitive processes, thereby intentionally capturing as closely as possible what is expected of moral action and reaction by hu- man beings. Only in satisfying these untutored intuitions should an artificial agent ever be properly regarded as moral, at least in the general population of existing moral agents. Thus, the ACTWith model is intended as a guide both for individual moral development and for the development of artificial moral agents as future technology permits.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jeffrey Benjamin White (2008). Conscience. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:437-444.
Jeffrey White (2013). Manufacturing Morality A General Theory of Moral Agency Grounding Computational Implementations: The ACTWith Model. In Floares (ed.), Computational Intelligence. Nova Publications. 1-65.
Wendell Wallach, Stan Franklin & Colin Allen (2010). A Conceptual and Computational Model of Moral Decision Making in Human and Artificial Agents. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):454-485.
Jessy Giroux (2011). The Origin of Moral Norms: A Moderate Nativist Account. Dialogue 50 (02):281-306.
Robert B. Louden (1992). Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation. Oxford University Press.
Alldredge (2000). Rethinking the Origin of Morality and Moral Development. Journal of Mind and Behavior 21 (1-2):105-128.
Lawrence J. Walker (2002). The Model and the Measure: An Appraisal of the Minnesota Approach to Moral Development. Journal of Moral Education 31 (3):353-367.
Wendell Wallach (2010). Robot Minds and Human Ethics: The Need for a Comprehensive Model of Moral Decision Making. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 12 (3):243-250.
Hanah A. Chapman & Adam K. Anderson (2011). Varieties of Moral Emotional Experience. Emotion Review 3 (3):255-257.
Daniela Jeder (2008). From Inframorality to Moral Creativity. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 37:115-122.
Jean Chambers (2001). A Cybernetic Theory of Morality and Moral Autonomy. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):177-192.
Lori Verstegen Ryan (1998). The Effect of Organizational Forces on Individual Morality. Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (3):431-445.
William Lyons (2009). Conscience – an Essay in Moral Psychology. Philosophy 84 (4):477-494.
G. Abend (2013). What the Science of Morality Doesn't Say About Morality. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (2):157-200.
Added to index2011-01-08
Total downloads74 ( #20,233 of 1,100,147 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #24,108 of 1,100,147 )
How can I increase my downloads?