Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (4):573-588 (2009)
|Abstract||This essay attempts to distinguish and discuss the importance and limitations of different ways of being wrong. At first it is argued that strictly falsifiable knowledge is concerned with simple (instrumental) mistakes only, and thus is incapable of understanding more complex errors (and truths). In order to gain a deeper understanding of mistakes (and to understand a deeper kind of mistake), it is argued that communicative aspects have to be taken into account. This is done in the theory of communicative action, which adds to our knowledge of errors the notion of communicative mistakes: mistakes as obstacles for sincere communication. However, to overcome this still purely negative judgement of errors, two processes are examined in which mistakes are best regarded as developmental steps, that is, steps not only meaningful in their own right (as containing some truth), but also as necessary preconditions for further progress. This would suggest that truth is born out of errors. But if so, one has to understand the wrongness of such errors; how is it that they are erroneous if they (somehow) contain the truth? At the end of this essay, a tentative answer to this question is given.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Nelson Yuan-sheng Kiang (1995). How Are Scientific Corrections Made? Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (4).
D. W. Theobald (1979). Errors and Mistakes. Dialogue 18 (04):556-565.
Nancy Berlinger (2005). After Harm: Medical Error and the Ethics of Forgiveness. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Timothy Williamson (2005). Knowledge and Scepticism. In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
Monica Bucciarelli (2000). Reasoning Strategies in Syllogisms: Evidence for Performance Errors Along with Computational Limitations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):669-670.
Joseph Agassi (2008). Philosophy From a Skeptical Perspective. Cambridge University Press.
James F. Ross (1989). The Crash of Modal Metaphysics. The Review of Metaphysics 43 (2):251 - 279.
Don Gotterbarn (1998). The Uniqueness of Software Errors and Their Impact on Global Policy. Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (3):351-356.
William P. Bechtel (1982). Two Common Errors in Explaining Biological and Psychological Phenomena. Philosophy of Science 49 (December):549-574.
Added to index2009-08-18
Total downloads18 ( #74,513 of 722,873 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,917 of 722,873 )
How can I increase my downloads?