David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Religious Studies 38 (1):77-88 (2002)
John Fischer has attacked the Ockhamistic solution to the freedom–foreknowledge dilemma by arguing that: (1) God's prior beliefs about the future, though being soft facts about the past, are soft facts of a special sort, what he calls ‘hard-type soft facts’, i.e. soft facts, the constitutive properties of which are ‘hard’, or ‘temporally non-relational properties’; (2) in this respect, such facts are like regular past facts which are subject to the fixity of the past. In this paper, I take issue with this argument by Fischer, claiming that it does not succeed for two reasons: (i) Fischer's account of the notion of a hard property is unsatisfactory; (ii) his notion of a hard-type soft fact is incoherent. Despite this criticism, I agree with Fischer that there is a fundamental difference between God's beliefs about the future and regular soft facts with regard to their fixity-status, but I argue that the reason for this difference is that God's forebeliefs are plain hard facts about the past.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John Martin Fischer (1991). Soft Facts and Harsh Realities: Reply to William Craig. Religious Studies 27 (4):523 - 539.
Manuel de Pinedo (2004). Truth Matters: Normativity in Thought and Knowledge. Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 19 (2):137-154.
William Lane Craig (1989). 'Nice Soft Facts': Fischer on Foreknowledge. Religious Studies 25 (2):235 - 246.
Eric T. Olson (2006). Imperfect Identity. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (2):247–264.
Andreas Kemmerling (2003). Belief Ascription: Objective Sentences and Soft Facts. Facta Philosophica 5 (2):203-222.
Joshua Hoffman & Gary Rosenkrantz (1984). ``Hard and Soft Facts&Quot. Philosophical Review 93:419-434.
Joshua Hoffman & Gary Rosenkrantz (1984). Hard and Soft Facts. Philosophical Review 93 (3):419-434.
William Lane Craig (1986). Temporal Necessity; Hard Facts/Soft Facts. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 20 (2/3):65 - 91.
John Martin Fischer (1986). Hard-Type Soft Facts. Philosophical Review 95 (4):591-601.
John R. Shook (2006). God's Justified Knowledge and the Hard-Soft Fact Distinction. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 8:69-73.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads28 ( #97,310 of 1,699,807 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #362,609 of 1,699,807 )
How can I increase my downloads?