David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dissertation, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor (UM) (2011)
My dissertation develops a novel approach to institutional analysis and begins to apply this approach to debates in the international justice literature. The main innovation of this institutional failure analysis approach is to ground our normative evaluation of institutions on a detailed understanding of the causal processes that generate problematic social outcomes. Chapters 1 and 2 motivate the need for this new approach, showing that philosophers' neglect of causal explanations of global poverty leads extant normative analyses of poverty astray. The upshot is that causal (as opposed to moral) analyses of social outcomes must play a more central role than is typical in philosophers' moral assessment of institutional arrangements. Chapter 3 introduces and outlines the failure analysis framework. Chapters 5 and 6 employ the failure analysis approach to address recent debate concerning an example of severe deprivation caused by institutional failure— the economic stagnation and authoritarian governance associated with natural resource dependence. Chapter 5 articulates a causal explanation of this so-called "resource curse." I claim that the curse occurs when a resource dependent country's domestic institutional structure permits the political leaders to disregard citizens' interests. My argument enumerates the conditions under which state leaders choose to advance citizens' interests. In chapter 6, I show that extant prescriptions to address the resource curse fail to satisfy at least one necessary condition for mitigating the resource curse. In particular, I highlight the importance of providing citizens with credible exit options both as necessary to successfully mitigating the resource curse and as being among the best forms of compensation to curse victims. I then explore the feasibility of various options for helping curse victims avoid absorbing the consequences of their resource-cursed situation. I end by tentatively proposing a strategy for mitigating the resource curse that satisfies the necessary conditions for a successful prescription as identified by the explanation in chapter 5.
|Keywords||Nonideal theory Resource curse|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David Wiens (forthcoming). Natural Resources and Government Responsiveness. Politics, Philosophy and Economics:1470594-13496755.
Scott Wisor (2012). Property Rights and the Resource Curse: A Reply to Wenar. Journal of Philosophical Research 37:185-204.
David Wiens (2012). Prescribing Institutions Without Ideal Theory. Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (1):45-70.
David Wiens (2014). Achieving Global Justice: Why Failures Matter More Than Ideals. In Kate Brennan (ed.), Making Global Institutions Work: Power, Accountability and Change. Routledge.
Eyene Okpanachi & Nathan Andrews (2012). Preventing The Oil “Resource Curse” In Ghana: Lessons From Nigeria. World Futures 68 (6):430 - 450.
Lisa Tessman (2010). Idealizing Morality. Hypatia 25 (4):797 - 824.
David Wiens (2013). Demands of Justice, Feasible Alternatives, and the Need for Causal Analysis. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):325-338.
Leif Wenar (2008). Property Rights and the Resource Curse. Philosophy and Public Affairs 36 (1):2–32.
Ruth B. Hoppe (1983). Decision Theory and Health Resource Allocations. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (2).
B. C. Dietrich (1993). Curse Tablets and Binding Spells John G. Gager (Ed.): Curse Tablets and Binding Spells From the Ancient World. Pp. Xv + 278; 30 Figures. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. £35. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 43 (02):313-314.
Yasushi Suzuki (2012). An Institutional Political Economy View on Thomas Nagel's 'Minimum Humanitarian Morality' in Global Justice. Journal of Global Ethics 8 (2-3):169-178.
Luca Del Frate (2013). Failure of Engineering Artifacts: A Life Cycle Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):913-944.
Added to index2011-10-22
Total downloads162 ( #5,061 of 1,102,053 )
Recent downloads (6 months)30 ( #6,253 of 1,102,053 )
How can I increase my downloads?