David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (1):45-70 (2012)
It is conventional wisdom among political philosophers that <span class='Hi'>ideal</span> principles of justice (i.e., principles that would regulate the constitutions of fully just institutional arrangements) must guide our attempts to design institutions to avert actual injustice. Call this the <span class='Hi'>ideal</span> guidance approach. I argue that this view is misguided—<span class='Hi'>ideal</span> principles of justice are not appropriate "guiding principles" that actual institutions must aim to realize, even if only approximately. Fortunately, the conventional wisdom is also avoidable. In this paper, I develop an alternative approach to institutional design, which I call institutional failure analysis. The basic intuition of this approach is that our moral assessment of institutional proposals is most effective when we proceed from a detailed understanding of the causal processes generating problematic social outcomes. Failure analysis takes the institutional primary design task to be obviating or averting institutional failures. Consequently, failure analysis enables theorists to prescribe more effective solutions to actual injustice because its focuses on understanding the injustice, rather than specifying an <span class='Hi'>ideal</span> of justice.
|Keywords||ideal theory nonideal theory institutional design failure analysis|
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Citations of this work BETA
Laura Valentini (2012). Ideal Vs. Non-Ideal Theory: A Conceptual Map. Philosophy Compass 7 (9):654-664.
David Wiens (2015). Political Ideals and the Feasibility Frontier. Economics and Philosophy 31 (3):447-477.
Simon Caney (2012). Addressing Poverty and Climate Change: The Varieties of Social Engagement. Ethics and International Affairs 26 (2):191-216.
Lisa Herzog (2015). Distributive Justice, Feasibility Gridlocks, and the Harmfulness of Economic Ideology. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (5):957-969.
Jörg Schaub (2014). The Incompleteness of Ideal Theory. Res Publica 20 (4):413-439.
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