David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 2 (2 & 3):175 – 190 (1996)
Social judgement theory is particularly well suited to the study of medical judgements. Medical judgements characteristically involve decision making under uncertainty with inevitable error and an abundance of fallible cues. In medicine, as in other areas, SJT research has found wide variation among decision makers in their judgements and in the weighting of clinical information. Strategies inferred from case vignettes differ from physicians' self-described strategies and from the weights suggested by experts. These observations parallel recent findings of unexplained variation in diagnosis and management in clinical practice that have been the source of concern in the medical community. The lens model provides one of the few methods for quantitatively analysing physicians' judgements. Contrary to what one might expect from the variation in strategies on paper cases, several studies suggest that, in practice, physicians' diagnostic judgements are highly accurate. Cognitive feedback has been less successful as a practical teaching tool than originally hoped, but some aspects of this methodology show promise, particularly in conjunction with the increasing emphasis on statistical decision support. All things considered, SJT has provided insight into physicians' decisions and gives the medical research community important tools for studying judgements in actual practice.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Marc Pauly & Martin van Hees (2006). Logical Constraints on Judgement Aggregation. Journal of Philosophical Logic 35 (6):569 - 585.
Arianna Betti & Maria van der Schaar (2004). The Road From Vienna to Lvov: Twardowski's Theory of Judgement Between 1894 and 1897. Grazer Philosophische Studien 67 (1):1-20.
Donnie J. Self (1983). A Study of the Foundations of Ethical Decision-Making of Physicians. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (1).
Marcus Düwell (1999). Aesthetic Experience, Medical Practice, and Moral Judgement. Critical Remarks on Possibilities to Understand a Complex Relationship. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (2):161-168.
Alan Schwartz (2008). Medical Decision Making: A Physician's Guide. Cambridge University Press.
Mandeep K. Dhami & Clare Harries (2001). Fast and Frugal Versus Regression Models of Human Judgement. Thinking and Reasoning 7 (1):5 – 27.
Ray W. Cooksey (1996). The Methodology of Social Judgement Theory. Thinking and Reasoning 2 (2 & 3):141 – 174.
Added to index2009-02-08
Total downloads8 ( #179,094 of 1,101,954 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #306,569 of 1,101,954 )
How can I increase my downloads?