What is the order among the varieties of goodness? A question posed by Von wright; and a conjecture made by Aristotle
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy 84 (2):175-200 (2009)
The great variousness and plurality of goodness has given comfort to general scepticism about values and a multitude of metaethical attitudes or predilections. But is this variousness and plurality really the hotch-potch it has appeared? The paper recapitulates and expands von Wright's typology of the varieties of goodness and looks to explain the order or system that underlies the phenomena by developing and extending a conjecture of Aristotle's, the so-called 'focal hypothesis', and combining there-with a suggestion of von Wright's, to the effect that the central case of something good is the faring well of a being. By means of focal hypothesis, one may account fairly well for medical, technical, instrumental, beneficial and utilitarian goodness. Other varieties such as hedonic and ethical goodness complicate the picture, as also do all cases where it seems that an antecedent kind of goodness impinges upon a being. These complications mirror in part the finding that the human scale of values is not a scale exclusively of human values
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Roger A. Newham (2013). An Internal Morality of Nursing: What It Can and Cannot Do. Nursing Philosophy 14 (2):109-116.
Richard Rowland (2015). Reasons as the Unity Among the Varieties of Goodness. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3):n/a-n/a.
Similar books and articles
Robin Hirsch, Ian Hodkinson & Roger D. Maddux (2002). Relation Algebra Reducts of Cylindric Algebras and an Application to Proof Theory. Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (1):197-213.
Roger Crisp (2008). Goodness and Reasons: Accentuating the Negative. Mind 117 (466):257-265.
L. B. Brown (2011). Do Higher-Order Music Ontologies Rest on a Mistake? British Journal of Aesthetics 51 (2):169-184.
G. H. von Wright (1957). Logical Studies. London, Routledge and K. Paul.
Tero Tulenheimo (2011). Negation and Temporal Ontology. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):101-114.
Heda Segvic (2004). Aristotle on the Varieties of Goodness. Apeiron 37 (2):151 - 176.
Dennis J. Schmidt (2001). On the Significance of Nature for the Question of Ethics. Research in Phenomenology 31 (1):62-77.
R. Edgley (1964). The Varieties of Goodness. By Wright Georg Henrik Von (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1963. Pp. 222. Price 28s.). Philosophy 39 (150):362-.
F. E. Sparshott (1964). Book Review:The Varieties of Goodness. Georg Henrik von Wright. [REVIEW] Ethics 74 (3):223-.
G. H. von Wright (1963). The Varieties of Goodness. New York, Humanities Press.
Added to index2009-04-03
Total downloads146 ( #15,519 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #289,836 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?