David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 178 (2):207-218 (2010)
Creationism is usually regarded as an irrational set of beliefs. In this paper I propose that the best way to understand why individual learners settle on any mature set of beliefs is to see that as the developmental outcome of a series of “fast and frugal” boundedly rational inferences rather than as a rejection of reason. This applies to those whose views are opposed to science in general. A bounded rationality model of belief choices both serves to explain the fact that folk traditions tend to converge on “anti-modernity”, and to act as a default hypothesis, deviations from which we can use to identify other, arational, influences such as social psychological, economic and individual dispositions. I propose some educational and public policy strategies that might decrease the proportion of learners who find creationism and anti-science in general a rational choice.
|Keywords||Bounded rationality Epistemic commitment Creationism Anti-modernism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Benjamin W. Libet (2002). Do We Have Free Will? In Robert H. Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook on Free Will. Oxford University Press. 551--564.
Alvin Plantinga (1996). Science: Augustinian or Duhemian. Faith and Philosophy 13 (3):368-394.
W. V. Quine (1969). Ontological Relativity and Other Essays. Columbia University Press.
Steven D. Verhey (2005). The Effect of Engaging Prior Learning on Student Attitudes Toward Creationism and Evolution. BioScience 55 (11):996.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James R. Shaw (2013). De Se Belief and Rational Choice. Synthese 190 (3):491-508.
Cristina Bicchieri (1988). Strategic Behavior and Counterfactuals. Synthese 76 (1):135 - 169.
Richard H. Feldman (1988). Rationality, Reliability, and Natural Selection. Philosophy of Science 55 (June):218-27.
Hee-Joo Park (2000). The Politics of Anti-Creationism: The Committees of Correspondence. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (2):349 - 370.
Melissa Barry (2007). Realism, Rational Action, and the Humean Theory of Motivation. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (3):231-242.
Niko Kolodny (2005). Why Be Rational? Mind 114 (455):509-563.
Ralph Wedgwood (2011). Primitively Rational Belief-Forming Processes. In Andrew Reisner & Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (eds.), Reasons for Belief. Cambridge University Press. 180--200.
James H. Moor (1976). Rationality and the Social Sciences. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:3 - 11.
Added to index2009-04-20
Total downloads74 ( #18,449 of 1,100,932 )
Recent downloads (6 months)13 ( #13,459 of 1,100,932 )
How can I increase my downloads?