Academic Dishonesty, Self-Control, and General Criminality: A Prospective and Retrospective Study of Academic Dishonesty in a New Zealand University
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethics and Behavior 22 (2):89 - 112 (2012)
Academic dishonesty is an insidious problem that besets most tertiary institutions, where considerable resources are expended to prevent and manage students' dishonest actions within academia. Using a mixed retrospective and prospective design this research investigated Gottfredson and Hirschi's self-control theory as a possible explanation for academic dishonesty in 264 university students. The relationship between academic dishonesty and general criminality was also examined. A significant but small to moderate relationship between academic dishonesty and general criminality was present, including correlations with general dishonesty, violent crime and drug offending subcategories. These findings suggested that a general criminological theory may be of use in explaining academic dishonesty, but the overall ability of self-control variables to explain academic dishonesty was not strong. Controlled logistic regressions indicated that a significant positive association with academic dishonesty was only present for one of 6 self-control subscales (self-centeredness), and even this association was only present in the prospective study component. A strong relationship between past and future academic dishonesty was present. Implications of the study for institutions are discussed
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Donald L. McCabe, Linda Klebe Trevino & Kenneth D. Butterfield (2001). Cheating in Academic Institutions: A Decade of Research. Ethics and Behavior 11 (3):219 – 232.
Trevor S. Harding, Matthew J. Mayhew, Cynthia J. Finelli & Donald D. Carpenter (2007). The Theory of Planned Behavior as a Model of Academic Dishonesty in Engineering and Humanities Undergraduates. Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):255 – 279.
Vivien K. G. Lim & Sean K. B. See (2001). Attitudes Toward, and Intentions to Report, Academic Cheating Among Students in Singapore. Ethics and Behavior 11 (3):261 – 274.
Kevin L. Blankenship & Bernard E. Whitley (2000). Relation of General Deviance to Academic Dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior 10 (1):1 – 12.
Citations of this work BETA
Joana R. C. Kuntz & Chandele Butler (2014). Exploring Individual and Contextual Antecedents of Attitudes Toward the Acceptability of Cheating and Plagiarism. Ethics and Behavior 24 (6):478-494.
Georgios D. Sideridis, Ioannis Tsaousis & Khaleel Al Harbi (forthcoming). Predicting Academic Dishonesty on National Examinations: The Roles of Gender, Previous Performance, Examination Center Change, City Change, and Region Change. Ethics and Behavior:1-23.
Similar books and articles
S. A. Stearns (2001). The Student-Instructor Relationship's Effect on Academic Integrity. Ethics and Behavior 11 (3):275 – 285.
Adele Thomas & Gideon P. De Bruin (2012). Student Academic Dishonesty: What Do Academics Think and Do, and What Are the Barriers to Action? African Journal of Business Ethics 6 (1):13.
Aditya Simha, Josh Armstrong & Joseph Albert (2011). Volunteers Versus Non-Volunteers—Which Group Cheats More, and Holds More Lax Attitudes About Cheating? Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (3):205-215.
Bernard E. Whitley & Patricia Keith-Spiegel (2001). Academic Integrity as an Institutional Issue. Ethics and Behavior 11 (3):325 – 342.
Gwena Lovett-Hooper, Meera Komarraju, Rebecca Weston & Stephen J. Dollinger (2007). Is Plagiarism a Forerunner of Other Deviance? Imagined Futures of Academically Dishonest Students. Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):323 – 336.
Valerie A. Wajda-Johnston, Paul J. Handal, Peter A. Brawer & Anthony N. Fabricatore (2001). Academic Dishonesty at the Graduate Level. Ethics and Behavior 11 (3):287 – 305.
Philmore Alleyne & Kimone Phillips (2011). Exploring Academic Dishonesty Among University Students in Barbados: An Extension to the Theory of Planned Behaviour. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (4):323-338.
Gale M. Lucas & James Friedrich (2005). Individual Differences in Workplace Deviance and Integrity as Predictors of Academic Dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior 15 (1):15 – 35.
Daniel E. Martin, Asha Rao & Lloyd R. Sloan (2009). Plagiarism, Integrity, and Workplace Deviance: A Criterion Study. Ethics and Behavior 19 (1):36 – 50.
Emily Simpson & Karen Yu (2012). Closer to the Truth: Electronic Records of Academic Dishonesty in an Actual Classroom Setting. Ethics and Behavior 22 (5):400 - 408.
Scott A. Wowra (2007). Moral Identities, Social Anxiety, and Academic Dishonesty Among American College Students. Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):303 – 321.
Shu Ching Yang (2012). Attitudes and Behaviors Related to Academic Dishonesty: A Survey of Taiwanese Graduate Students. Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):218 - 237.
Regan A. R. Gurung, Tiffany M. Wilhelm & Tonya Filz (2011). Optimizing Honor Codes for Online Exam Administration. Ethics and Behavior 22 (2):158 - 162.
Scott A. Wowra (2007). Academic Dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):211 – 214.
Added to index2012-03-16
Total downloads9 ( #293,732 of 1,781,386 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #295,020 of 1,781,386 )
How can I increase my downloads?