Affected ignorance and animal suffering: Why our failure to debate factory farming puts us at moral risk [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (4):371-384 (2008)
It is widely recognized that our social and moral environments influence our actions and belief formations. We are never fully immune to the effects of cultural membership. What is not clear, however, is whether these influences excuse average moral agents who fail to scrutinize conventional norms. In this paper, I argue that the lack of extensive public debate about factory farming and, its corollary, extreme animal suffering, is probably due, in part, to affected ignorance. Although a complex phenomenon because of its many manifestations, affected ignorance is morally culpable because it involves a choice not to investigate whether some practice in which one participates in might be immoral. I contend further that James Montmarquet’s set of intellectual virtues can provide a positive account of what it means to act as a responsible moral agent while immersed in a meat eating culture; they also represent the moral and epistemic framework for the kind of public discourse that should be taking place.
|Keywords||affected ignorance animal suffering cultural membership factory farming intellectual virtues meat eating moral ignorance responsibility|
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References found in this work BETA
Peter Singer (ed.) (1990). Animal Liberation. Avon Books.
James Montmarquet (1993). Epistemic Virtue and Doxastic Responsibility. Rowman & Littlefield.
Michele M. Moody-Adams (1994). Culture, Responsibility, and Affected Ignorance. Ethics 104 (2):291-309.
Cheshire Calhoun (1989). Responsibility and Reproach. Ethics 99 (2):389-406.
Neil Levy (2003). Cultural Membership and Moral Responsibility. The Monist 86 (2):145-163.
Citations of this work BETA
Egbert Hardeman & Henk Jochemsen (2012). Are There Ideological Aspects to the Modernization of Agriculture? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (5):657-674.
Terence J. Centner (2010). Limitations on the Confinement of Food Animals in the United States. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (5):469-486.
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