A puzzle about material constitution and how to solve it: Enriching constitution views in metaphysics
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophers' Imprint 7 (5):1-20 (2007)
Are materially constituted entities, such as statues and glasses of liquid, something more than their material constituents? The puzzle that frames this paper stems from conflicting answers to this question. At the core of the paper is a distinctive way of thinking about material constitution that posits two concepts of constitution, compositional and ampliative constitution, with the bulk of the discussion devoted to developing distinct analyses for these concepts. Distinguishing these concepts solves our initial puzzle and enriches the space of possibilities for constitution views.
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Citations of this work BETA
Michael Kirchhoff (2013). Extended Cognition & Constitution: Re-Evaluating the Constitutive Claim of Extended Cognition. Philosophical Psychology (2):1-26.
Michael D. Kirchhoff (2015). Extended Cognition & the Causal‐Constitutive Fallacy: In Search for a Diachronic and Dynamical Conception of Constitution. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (2):320-360.
Robert A. Wilson (2014). Ten Questions Concerning Extended Cognition. Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):19-33.
Laura Schroeter & Francois Schroeter (2009). Reasons as Right-Makers. Philosophical Explorations 12 (3):279-296.
Marta Campdelacreu (2013). Do We Need Two Notions of Constitution? Philosophia 41 (2):503-519.
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