|Abstract||According to recent work in the new field of lexical pragmatics, the meanings of words are frequently pragmatically adjusted and fine-tuned in context, so that their contribution to the proposition expressed is different from their lexically encoded sense. Well-known examples include lexical narrowing (e.g. ‘drink’ used to mean ALCOHOLIC DRINK), approximation (or loosening) (e.g. ‘flat’ used to mean RELATIVELY FLAT) and metaphorical extension (e.g. ‘bulldozer’ used to mean FORCEFUL PERSON). These three phenomena are often studied in isolation from each other and given quite distinct kinds of explanation. In this chapter, we will propose a more unified account. We will try to show that narrowing, loosening and metaphorical extension are simply different outcomes of a single interpretive process which creates an ad hoc concept, or occasion-specific sense, based on interaction among encoded concepts, contextual information and pragmatic expectations or principles. We will outline an inferential account of the lexical adjustment process using the framework of relevance theory, and compare it with some alternative accounts.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Agustín Vicente (2010). Clusters: On the Structure of Lexical Concepts. Dialectica 64 (1):79-106.
Graeme Hirst (1999). What Exactly Are Lexical Concepts? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):45-46.
Jerry Fodor & Ernie Lepore (2001). Why Compositionality Won't Go Away: Reflections on Horwich's 'Deflationary' Theory. Ratio 14 (4):350–368.
Vyvyan Evans (2009). How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction. Oxford University Press.
Deirdre Wilson & Robyn Carston (2006). Metaphor, Relevance and the 'Emergent Property' Issue. Mind and Language 21 (3):404–433.
Ken Daley (forthcoming). The Structure of Lexical Concepts. Philosophical Studies.
Dan Sperber & Deirdre Wilson (1998). The Mapping Between the Mental and the Public Lexicon. In Peter Carruthers & Jill Boucher (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads40 ( #28,927 of 549,671 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #63,425 of 549,671 )
How can I increase my downloads?