Eugenics and the criticism of bioethics [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):409 - 418 (2007)
This article provides a critical assessment of some aspects of Ann Kerr and Tom Shakespeare's Genetic Politics: from eugenics to genome. In particular, I evaluate their claims: (a) that bioethics is too ‘top down’, involving normative prescriptions, whereas it should instead be ‘bottom up’ and grounded in social science; and (b) that contemporary bioethics has not dealt particularly well with people's moral concerns about eugenics. I conclude that several of Kerr and Shakespeare's criticisms are well-founded and serve as valuable reminders to the bioethics community. These include the claims: that bioethics ought not to consist entirely of applying moral theory to cases; that bioethics must take account of relevant empirical evidence; and that bioethicists should be on the look out for those subtle social forces which can undermine the voluntariness of people's choices and consents. However, we should reject some of Kerr and Shakespeare's other criticisms and I conclude (amongst other things) that even ‘mainstream’ bioethics is better able to deal with difficult issues like eugenics than Kerr and Shakespeare suggest.
|Keywords||eugenics bioethics moral theory genetics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Onora O'Neill (2002). Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics. Cambridge University Press.
Erica Haimes (2002). What Can the Social Sciences Contribute to the Study of Ethics? Theoretical, Empirical and Substantive Considerations. Bioethics 16 (2):89–113.
Anne Donchin (2001). Understanding Autonomy Relationally: Toward a Reconfiguration of Bioethical Principles. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (4):365 – 386.
S. Holm (1995). Not Just Autonomy--The Principles of American Biomedical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (6):332-338.
E. Garrard (2005). Passive Euthanasia. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2):65-68.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Lewis Vaughn (2010). Bioethics: Principles, Issues, and Cases. Oxford University Press.
Leigh Turner (2009). Anthropological and Sociological Critiques of Bioethics. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (1):83-98.
S. Wilkinson (2008). "Eugenics Talk" and the Language of Bioethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (6):467-471.
Renée C. Fox (2008). Observing Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
Floris Tomasini (2007). Imagining Human Enhancement: Whose Future, Which Rationality? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (6):497-507.
Stephen Wilkinson (2010). On the Distinction Between Positive and Negative Eugenics. In Matti Häyry (ed.), Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics. Rodopi
Stephen Wilkinson (2007). Review: Eugenics and the Criticism of Bioethics. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):409 - 418.
Howard Brody (2009). The Future of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
John Harris (1993). Is Gene Therapy a Form of Eugenics? Bioethics 7 (2-3):178-187.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads46 ( #72,942 of 1,725,584 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,436 of 1,725,584 )
How can I increase my downloads?