David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Various deficits in the cognitive functioning of people with autism have been documented in recent years but these provide only partial explanations for the condition. We focus instead on an imitative disturbance involving difficulties both in copying actions and in inhibiting more stereotyped mimicking, such as echolalia. A candidate for the neural basis of this disturbance may be found in a recently discovered class of neurons in frontal cortex, 'mirror neurons' (MNs). These neurons show activity in relation both to specific actions performed by self and matching actions performed by others, providing a potential bridge between minds. MN systems exist in primates without imitative and ‘theory of mind’ abilities and we suggest that in order for them to have become utilized to perform social cognitive functions, sophisticated cortical neuronal systems have evolved in which MNs function as key elements. Early developmental failures of MN systems are likely to result in a consequent cascade of developmental impairments characterised by the clinical syndrome of autism.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Meredith R. Wilkinson & Linden J. Ball (2012). Why Studies of Autism Spectrum Disorders Have Failed to Resolve the Theory Theory Versus Simulation Theory Debate. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (2):263-291.
Victoria Pitts‐Taylor (2013). I Feel Your Pain: Embodied Knowledges and Situated Neurons. Hypatia 28 (4):852-869.
Luca Bonini, Pier Francesco Ferrari & Leonardo Fogassi (2013). Neurophysiological Bases Underlying the Organization of Intentional Actions and the Understanding of Others' Intention. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1095-1104.
Oren Harman (2013). Explaining the Gap: On Humans and Other Animals – Essay Review. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 46 (4):739-755.
Derek Hodgson (2013). Cognitive Evolution, Population, Transmission, and Material Culture. Biological Theory 7 (3):237-246.
Similar books and articles
Elhanan Borenstein & Eytan Ruppin (2005). The Evolutionary Link Between Mirror Neurons and Imitation: An Evolutionary Adaptive Agents Model. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):127-128.
Jonas T. Kaplan & Marco Iacoboni (2005). Listen to My Actions! Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):135-136.
Giacomo Rizzolatti & Corrado Sinigaglia (2007). Mirrors in the Brain: How Our Minds Share Actions and Emotions. OUP Oxford.
Tony Charman (2001). Understanding the Imitation Deficit in Autism May Lead to a More Specific Model of Autism as an Empathy Disorder. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):29-30.
Emma Borg (2007). If Mirror Neurons Are the Answer, What Was the Question? Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (8):5-19.
Dieter Lohmar (2006). Mirror Neurons and the Phenomenology of Intersubjectivity. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 5 (1):5-16.
Lawrence Shapiro (2009). Making Sense of Mirror Neurons. Synthese 167 (3):439 - 456.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads15 ( #90,381 of 1,089,053 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,801 of 1,089,053 )
How can I increase my downloads?