David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):61-68 (1992)
I examine the relationship between evolutionary definitions of altruism that are based on fitness effects and psychological definitions that are based on the motives of the actor. I show that evolutionary altruism can be motivated by proximate mechanisms that are psychologically either altruistic or selfish. I also show that evolutionary definitions do rely upon motives as a metaphor in which the outcome of natural selection is compared to the decisions of a psychologically selfish (or altruistic) individual. Ignoring the precise nature of both psychological and evolutionary definitions has obscured many important issues, including the biological roots of psychological altruism.
|Keywords||Altruism evolution group selection selfishness|
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Citations of this work BETA
David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (1994). Reintroducing Group Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):585.
Kevin MacDonald (1994). Group Evolutionary Strategies: Dimensions and Mechanisms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):629.
Jim Moore (1994). Hominids, Coalitions, and Weapons: Not Vehicles. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):632.
Geoffrey F. Miller (1994). Beyond Shared Fate: Group-Selected Mechanisms for Cooperation and Competition in Fuzzy, Fluid Vehicles. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):630.
Randolph M. Nesse (1994). Why is Group Selection Such a Problem? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):633.
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