David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 52 (4):578-590 (1985)
This paper shows that species are individuals with respect to evolutionary theory in the sense that the laws of the theory deal with species as irreducible wholes rather than as sets of organisms. 'Species X' is an instantiation of a primitive term of the theory. I present a sketch of a proof that it cannot be defined within the theory as a set of organisms; the proof relies not on details of my axiomatization but rather on a generally accepted property of speciation; hence the same argument should work for any axiomatization which captures this generally accepted property of speciation
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Catherine Kendig (2014). Towards a Multidimensional Metaconception of Species. Ratio 27 (2):155-172.
Brent D. Mishler & Robert N. Brandon (1987). Individuality, Pluralism, and the Phylogenetic Species Concept. Biology and Philosophy 2 (4):397-414.
Ernst Mayr (1987). Answers to These Comments. Biology and Philosophy 2 (2):212-225.
Marc Ereshefsky (1989). Where's the Species? Comments on the Phylogenetic Species Concepts. Biology and Philosophy 4 (1):89-96.
Marc Ereshefsky (1991). The Semantic Approach to Evolutionary Theory. Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):59-80.
Similar books and articles
David N. Stamos (1998). Buffon, Darwin, and the Non-Individuality of Species – a Reply to Jean Gayon. Biology and Philosophy 13 (3):443-470.
Michael Ruse (1987). Biological Species: Natural Kinds, Individuals, or What? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):225-242.
Joel Cracraft (1987). Species Concepts and the Ontology of Evolution. Biology and Philosophy 2 (3):329-346.
Bradley E. Wilson (1991). Are Species Sets? Biology and Philosophy 6 (4):413-431.
Keith A. Coleman & E. O. Wiley (2001). On Species Individualism: A New Defense of the Species-as-Individuals Hypothesis. Philosophy of Science 68 (4):498-517.
Nicholas Agar (1995). Valuing Species and Valuing Individuals. Environmental Ethics 17 (4):397-415.
Christopher D. Horvath (1997). Some Questions About Identifying Individuals: Failed Intuitions About Organisms and Species. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):654-668.
Marc Ereshefsky (1988). Axiomatics and Individuality: A Reply to Williams' "Species Are Individuals". Philosophy of Science 55 (3):427-434.
Mark Ridley (1989). The Cladistic Solution to the Species Problem. Biology and Philosophy 4 (1):1-16.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #228,840 of 1,907,220 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #466,442 of 1,907,220 )
How can I increase my downloads?