David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (2):174-181 (2010)
In various debates about science, appeal is made to the freedom of scientific research. A rationale in favor of this freedom is rarely offered. In this paper, two major arguments are reconstructed that promise to lend support to a principle of scientific freedom. According to the epistemological argument, freedom of research is required in order to organize the collective cognitive effort we call science efficiently. According to the political argument, scientific knowledge needs to be generated in ways that are independent of the major political powers because of the important role it plays for the citizens and their capacity to form well-informed political preferences. Both arguments are examined critically in order to identify their strengths and limitations. I argue that the scientific freedom established by both rests on a number of critical preconditions, and that the arguments’ force must be weighed against competing societal interests and values in each case of their application. Appeal to a principle of scientific freedom should therefore never mark the end, but rather the beginning of a public debate about the ends and means of science.
|Keywords||freedom of research science policy academic freedom|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John Stuart Mill (2009). On Liberty. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophical Quarterly. Oxford University Press 519-522.
Philip Kitcher (1990). The Division of Cognitive Labor. Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):5-22.
Mark B. Brown & David H. Guston (2009). Science, Democracy, and the Right to Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):351-366.
Joshua Cohen (2003). Delibration and Democratic Legitimacy. In Derek Matravers & Jonathan E. Pike (eds.), Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology. Routledge, in Association with the Open University
Citations of this work BETA
Anke Bueter (2015). The Irreducibility of Value-Freedom to Theory Assessment. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 49:18-26.
Hugh Lacey & Pablo R. Mariconda (2012). The Eagle and the Starlings: Galileo's Argument for the Autonomy of Science—How Pertinent is It Today? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):122-131.
Similar books and articles
Torsten Wilholt (2006). Scientific Autonomy and Planned Research: The Case of Space Science. Poiesis and Praxis 4 (4):253-265.
Heidi Kjærnet (2010). At Arm's Length? Applied Social Science and its Sponsors. Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (3):161-169.
Kurt Bayertz (2006). Three Arguments for Scientific Freedom. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (4):377 - 398.
Alison M. Jaggar (2007). Teaching in Colorado: Not a Rocky Mountain High; Academic Freedom in a Climate of Repression. Teaching Philosophy 30 (2):149-172.
Alison M. Jaggar (2007). Teaching in Colorado. Teaching Philosophy 30 (2):149-172.
Mary T. Clark (ed.) (1973). The Problem of Freedom. New York,Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Wells Earl Draughon (2003). What Freedom Is. Writer's Showcase.
Robin Barrow (2009). Academic Freedom: Its Nature, Extent and Value. British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):178 - 190.
Dennis Hayes (2009). Academic Freedom and the Diminished Subject. British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (2):127 - 145.
Michael Dummett (1981). Ought Research to Be Unrestricted? Grazer Philosophische Studien 12:281-298.
Richard T. De George (2003). Ethics, Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure. Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (1):11-25.
Erik Anderson (2008). Scientific Essentialism, Could've Done Otherwise, And the Possibility of Freedom. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 15:13-20.
Elizabeth A. Franz & Harlene Hayne (2006). The Preservation of Academic Freedom: Tenure is Not Enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):576-577.
Robert Streiffer (2006). Academic Freedom and Academic-Industry Relationships in Biotechnology. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (2):129-149.
Added to index2010-09-14
Total downloads19 ( #145,074 of 1,725,477 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #268,753 of 1,725,477 )
How can I increase my downloads?