Should we allow organ donation euthanasia? Alternatives for maximizing the number and quality of organs for transplantation
Graduate studies at Western
Bioethics 26 (1):32-48 (2012)
|Abstract||There are not enough solid organs available to meet the needs of patients with organ failure. Thousands of patients every year die on the waiting lists for transplantation. Yet there is one currently available, underutilized, potential source of organs. Many patients die in intensive care following withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment whose organs could be used to save the lives of others. At present the majority of these organs go to waste.In this paper we consider and evaluate a range of ways to improve the number and quality of organs available from this group of patients. Changes to consent arrangements (for example conscription of organs after death) or changes to organ donation practice could dramatically increase the numbers of organs available, though they would conflict with currently accepted norms governing transplantation.We argue that one alternative, Organ Donation Euthanasia, would be a rational improvement over current practice regarding withdrawal of life support. It would give individuals the greatest chance of being able to help others with their organs after death. It would increase patient autonomy. It would reduce the chance of suffering during the dying process. We argue that patients should be given the choice of whether and how they would like to donate their organs in the event of withdrawal of life support in intensive care.Continuing current transplantation practice comes at the cost of death and prolonged organ failure. We should seriously consider all of the alternatives|
|Keywords||medical ethics tissue and organ procurement/ethics tissue donors/supply & distribution euthanasia organ transplantation ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Similar books and articles
Eric Meslin (1994). The Give and Take of Organ Procurement. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (1):61-78.
F. G. Miller, R. D. Truog & D. W. Brock (2010). The Dead Donor Rule: Can It Withstand Critical Scrutiny? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):299-312.
Adam J. Kolber (2003). A Matter of Priority: Transplanting Organs Preferentially to Registered Donors. Rutgers Law Review 55 (3):671-739.
Jeremy Snyder (2009). Easy Rescues and Organ Transplantation. HEC Forum 21 (1):27-53.
Mark T. Nelson (1991). The Morality of a Free Market for Transplant Organs. Public Affairs Quarterly 5 (1):63-79.
Andrew Sneddon (2009). Consent and the Acquisition of Organs for Transplantation. HEC Forum 21 (1):55-69.
Aaron Spital (2003). Conscription of Cadaveric Organs for Transplantation: Neglected Again. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):169-174.
Michael B. Gill (2004). Presumed Consent, Autonomy, and Organ Donation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):37 – 59.
Hayden Bernstein, Organ-Trafficking and the State of Israel: Jewish and Ethical Guidelines for a Regulated Market in Human Organs.
Added to index2010-05-04
Total downloads55 ( #22,003 of 739,406 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,680 of 739,406 )
How can I increase my downloads?