David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (3):390-414 (2011)
If a disabled newborn infant dies, her parents may be able to conceive another child without impairment. This is sometimes referred to as 'replacement'. Some philosophers have argued that replacement provides a strong reason for disabled newborns to be killed or allowed to die. In this paper I focus on the case for replacement as it relates to decisions about life support in newborn intensive care. I argue (following Jeff McMahan) that the impersonal reason to replace is weak and easily outweighed. I assess and reject several possible ways in which the impersonal reason to replace could be defended. I then address an alternative justification for replacement - as an individual-affecting benefit. The strongest justification for replacement may be the interests of parents. In the latter part of the paper I look at a related question. What role should replacement play in decisions about the funding of newborn intensive care?
|Keywords||IMPERSONAL REASONS UTILITARIANISM WITHDRAWING TREATMENT NEWBORNS REPLACEMENT|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Dominic James Wilkinson (2011). A Life Worth Giving? The Threshold for Permissible Withdrawal of Life Support From Disabled Newborn Infants. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (2):20 - 32.
Dominic Wilkinson (2009). The Window of Opportunity: Decision Theory and the Timing of Prognostic Tests for Newborn Infants. Bioethics 23 (9):503-514.
D. Wilkinson (2013). Which Newborn Infants Are Too Expensive to Treat? Camosy and Rationing in Intensive Care. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):502-506.
Kenneth Kipnis (2007). Harm and Uncertainty in Newborn Intensive Care. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (5):393-412.
S. G. Nicholls (2010). Knowledge or Understanding? Informed Choice in the Context of Newborn Bloodspot Screening. Public Health Ethics 3 (2):128-136.
Dirk Koppelberg (1993). Should We Replace Knowledge by Understanding? — A Comment on Elgin and Goodman's Reconception of Epistemology. Synthese 95 (1):119 - 128.
Helga Kuhse (1986). Death by Non-Feeding: Not in the Baby's Best Interests. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics 7 (2):79-90.
Eike-Henner W. Kluge (2009). Quality-of-Life Considerations in Substitute Decision-Making for Severely Disabled Neonates: The Problem of Developing Awareness. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (5):351-366.
Alison Shaw (2012). 'They Say Islam has a Solution for Everything, so Why Are There No Guidelines for This?' Ethical Dilemmas Associated with the Births and Deaths of Infants with Fatal Abnormalities From a Small Sample of Pakistani Muslim Couples in Britain. Bioethics 26 (9):485-492.
Blay Whitby (2007). Computing Machinery and Morality. AI and Society 22 (4):551-563.
Mary Ann Baily Thomas H. Murray (2008). Ethics, Evidence, and Cost in Newborn Screening. Hastings Center Report 38 (3):pp. 23-31.
Loane Skene (1993). Legal Issues in Treating Critically Ill Newborn Infants. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (03):295-.
Carole Outterson (1993). Newborn Infants with Severe Defects: A Survey of Paediatric Attitudes and Practices in the United Kingdom. Bioethics 7 (5):420-435.
Chris Kaposy (2007). Can Infants Have Interests in Continued Life? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (4):301-330.
Added to index2011-10-18
Total downloads13 ( #129,939 of 1,140,280 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #142,694 of 1,140,280 )
How can I increase my downloads?