David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Biology and Philosophy 23 (5):659-671 (2008)
In 1988, David Hull presented an evolutionary account of science. This was a direct analogy to evolutionary accounts of biological adaptation, and part of a generalized view of Darwinian selection accounts that he based upon the Universal Darwinism of Richard Dawkins. Criticisms of this view were made by, among others, Kim Sterelny, which led to it gaining only limited acceptance. Some of these criticisms are, I will argue, no longer valid in the light of developments in the formal modeling of evolution, in particular that of Sergey Gavrilets’ work on adaptive landscapes. If we can usefully recast the Hullian view of science as being driven by selection in terms of Gavrilets’ and Kaufmann’s view of there being “giant components” of high-fitness networks through any realistic adaptive landscape, we may now find it useful to ask what the adaptive pressures on science are, and to extend the metaphor into a full analogy. This is in effect to reconcile the Fisherianism of the Dawkins–Hull approach to selection and replicators, with a Wrightean drift account of social constructionist views of science, preserving, it is to be hoped, the valuable aspects of both.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mark Olson & Alfonso Arroyo-Santos (2009). Thinking in Continua: Beyond the Adaptive Radiation Metaphor. Bioessays 31 (12):1337-1346.
David L. Hull (2001). Science and Selection: Essays on Biological Evolution and the Philosophy of Science. Cambridge University Press.
John S. Wilkins (2007). The Dimensions, Modes and Definitions of Species and Speciation. Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):247-266.
Christopher Stephens (2004). Selection, Drift, and the “Forces” of Evolution. Philosophy of Science 71 (4):550-570.
Jon F. Wilkins & Peter Godfrey-Smith (2009). Adaptationism and the Adaptive Landscape. Biology and Philosophy 24 (2):199-214.
Robert Skipper (2004). The Heuristic Role of Sewall Wright's 1932 Adaptive Landscape Diagram. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1176-1188.
Jonathan Kaplan (2008). The End of the Adaptive Landscape Metaphor? Biology and Philosophy 23 (5):625-638.
Denis M. Walsh (2003). Fit and Diversity: Explaining Adaptive Evolution. Philosophy of Science 70 (2):280-301.
Robert A. Skipper Jr (2004). The Heuristic Role of Sewall Wright's 1932 Adaptive Landscape Diagram. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1176-1188.
Anya Plutynski (2008). The Rise and Fall of the Adaptive Landscape? Biology and Philosophy 23 (5):605-623.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads94 ( #13,739 of 1,100,076 )
Recent downloads (6 months)23 ( #8,597 of 1,100,076 )
How can I increase my downloads?