David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Bioethics 17 (2):169–187 (2003)
It is argued that there are good reasons for believing that commercial surrogacy is often exploitative. However, even if we accept this, the exploitation argument for prohibiting (or otherwise legislatively discouraging) commercial surrogacy remains quite weak. One reason for this is that prohibition may well 'backfire' and lead to potential surrogates having to do other things that are more exploitative and/or more harmful than paid surrogacy. It is concluded, therefore, that those who oppose exploitation should concentrate on: (a) improving the conditions under which paid surrogates 'work'; and (b) changing the background conditions (in particular, the unequal distribution of power and wealth) which generate exploitative relationships. (edited).
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Citations of this work BETA
Jeffrey Kirby (2014). Transnational Gestational Surrogacy: Does It Have to Be Exploitative? American Journal of Bioethics 14 (5):24-32.
Vida Panitch (2013). Surrogate Tourism and Reproductive Rights. Hypatia 28 (2):274-289.
Vida Panitch (2013). Global Surrogacy: Exploitation to Empowerment. Journal of Global Ethics 9 (3):329-343.
Jyotsna Agnihotri Gupta (2012). Reproductive Biocrossings: Indian Egg Donors and Surrogates in the Globalized Fertility Market. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):25-51.
Katharina Beier (2015). Surrogate Motherhood: A Trust-Based Approach. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (6):633-652.
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