David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Acta Analytica 25 (3):279-284 (2010)
J.J.C. Smart famously complained that rule utilitarianism is incoherent, and that rule utilitarians are guilty of rule worship . Much has been said about whether Smartâs complaint is justified, but I will assume for the sake of argument that Smart was on to something. Instead, I have three other goals. First, I want to show that Smartâs complaint is a specific instance of a more general objection to a moral theoryâwhat I will call the Incoherence Objection. Second, I want to illustrate how the Incoherence Objection can apply both to consequentialist and, surprisingly, some nonconsequentialist theories. Finally, I want to demonstrate at least one way nonconsequentialist theories that make use of rules, principles, and the like can dodge the Incoherence Objection
|Keywords||Utilitarianism Deontology Consequentialism Rules Moral theory|
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References found in this work BETA
Brad Hooker (2000). Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality. Oxford University Press.
Elijah Millgram (1997). Practical Induction. Harvard University Press.
David Lyons (1965). Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism. Oxford, Clarendon Press.
J. J. C. Smart (1956). Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism. Philosophical Quarterly 6 (25):344-354.
Elijah Millgram (2003). Does the Categorical Imperative Give Rise to a Contradiction in the Will? Philosophical Review 112 (4):525-560.
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