The quarantine of philosophy in medical education: Why teaching the humanities may not produce humane physicians
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):3-9 (1999)
Patients increasingly see physicians not as humane caregivers but as unfeeling technicians. The study of philosophy in medical school has been proposed to foster critical thinking about one's assumptions, perspectives and biases, encourage greater tolerance toward the ideas of others, and cultivate empathy. I suggest that the study of ethics and philosophy by medical students has failed to produce the humane physicians we seek because of the way the subject matter is quarantined in American medical education. First, the liberal arts are seen as the province of undergraduate education, and not medical school. Second, philosophy, when taught in medical school, is seen by students as just one subject to be mastered along with many other more important ones, and not as a way to foster critical thinking and empathy. What is needed is a new pedagogy that combines both cognitive and affective elements to implant and nourish the liberal arts in students. Removing the quarantine of philosophy from other facets of medical education is an important first step
|Keywords||ethics humanities medical education physician-medical student relationship physician-patient relationship|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Paul Crawford & Charley Baker (2009). Literature and Madness: Fiction for Students and Professionals. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 30 (4):237-251.
J. Donald Boudreau & Abraham Fuks (2015). The Humanities in Medical Education: Ways of Knowing, Doing and Being. Journal of Medical Humanities 36 (4):321-336.
Similar books and articles
Rebecca S. Y. Wong & Usharani Balasingam (2013). Teaching Medical Law in Medical Education. Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (2):121-138.
K. Danner Clouser (1990). Humanities in Medical Education: Some Contributions. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (3):289-301.
D. W. Musick (1999). Teaching Medical Ethics: A Review of the Literature From North American Medical Schools with Emphasis on Education. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (3):239-254.
Donnie J. Self (1983). A Study of the Foundations of Ethical Decision-Making of Physicians. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (1).
Jeffrey Spike (1991). The Need for Teaching Philosophy in Medical Education. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (4).
J. M. Little (1995). Humane Medicine. Cambridge University Press.
Howard Brody, Harriet A. Squier & John P. Foglio (1995). Commentary: Moral Growth in Medical Students. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (3).
G. B. Piccoli (2003). What Do Italian Medical Students Read? A Call for a Library of Good Books on Physicians for Physicians. Medical Humanities 29 (1):54-56.
R. Meakin (2001). Education and Debate: Developing the Place of Medical Humanities in Medical Education From School to the Consulting Room. Medical Humanities 27 (1):50-50.
Jules L. Dienstag (2011). Evolution of the New Pathway Curriculum at Harvard Medical School The New Integrated Curriculum. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (1):36-54.
Dan C. English (1989). Using Animals for the Training of Physicians and Surgeons. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (1).
Robert J. Levine (1997). Some Reflections on Postgraduate Medical Ethics Education. Ethics and Behavior 7 (1):15 – 26.
Walter Burger (2001). The Relation Between Medical Education and the Medical Profession's World View. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):79-84.
Kenneth M. Ludmerer (2011). Abraham Flexner and Medical Education. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (1):8-16.
Zbigniew Zalewski (2000). What Philosophy Should Be Taught to the Future Medical Professionals? Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (2):161-167.
Added to index2010-08-31
Total downloads13 ( #285,273 of 1,934,834 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #434,780 of 1,934,834 )
How can I increase my downloads?