David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Episteme 4 (1):93-114 (2007)
This article distinguishes Wittgensteinian contextualism from epistemic relativism. The latter involves the view that a belief ’s status as justified depends on the believer’s epistemic system, as well as the view that no system is superior to another. It emerges from the thought that we must rely, circularly, on our epistemic system to determine whether any belief is justified. Contextualism, by contrast, emerges from the thought that we need not answer a skeptical challenge to a belief unless there is good reason to doubt the belief; so we need not rely on our epistemic system to determine whether a belief is justified. Accordingly contextualism is not committed to the view that a belief ’s status depends on the believer’s epistemic system, nor to the view that no system is superior to another. The contextualist is not committed to epistemic relativism
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David B. Annis (1978). A Contextualist Theory of Epistemic Justification. American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (3):213 - 219.
Christopher Hookway & Michael Williams (1993). Unnatural Doubts. Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):389.
R. Rorty (1981). Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton University Press.
Michael Williams (2001). Problems of Knowledge: A Critical Introduction to Epistemology. Oup Oxford.
Citations of this work BETA
Duncan Pritchard (2012). Wittgenstein and the Groundlessness of Our Believing. Synthese 189 (2):255-272.
Duncan Pritchard (2009). Defusing Epistemic Relativism. Synthese 166 (2):397 - 412.
Markus Seidel (2013). Why the Epistemic Relativist Cannot Use the Sceptic's Strategy. A Comment on Sankey. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (1):134-139.
James A. Anderson (2009). Contextualizing Clinical Research: The Epistemological Role of Clinical Equipoise. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (4):269-288.
Martin Kusch (2013). Annalisa Coliva on Wittgenstein and Epistemic Relativism. Philosophia 41 (1):37-49.
Similar books and articles
Howard Sankey (2012). Scepticism, Relativism and the Argument From the Criterion. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):182-190.
Sarah Wright (2010). Virtues, Social Roles, and Contextualism. Metaphilosophy 41 (1):95-114.
Robin McKenna (2011). Interests Contextualism. Philosophia 39 (4):741-750.
Steven D. Hales (2009). What to Do About Incommensurable Doxastic Perspectives. Philosophia Christi 11 (1):209-214.
Elke Brendel & Christoph Jäger (2004). Contextualist Approaches to Epistemology: Problems and Prospects. Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):143 - 172.
John N. Williams (2010). Moore's Paradox, Defective Interpretation, Justified Belief and Conscious Belief. Theoria 76 (3):221-248.
Frank Hofmann (2004). Why Epistemic Contextualism Does Not Provide an Adequate Account of Knowledge: Comments on Barke. Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):375 - 382.
Matthew Chrisman (2007). From Epistemic Contextualism to Epistemic Expressivism. Philosophical Studies 135 (2):225 - 254.
Gunnar Björnsson & Alexander Almér (2009). Contextualism, Assessor Relativism, and Insensitive Assessments. Logique Et Analyse 52 (208):363-372.
Ralph Wedgwood (2008). Contextualism About Justified Belief. Philosophers' Imprint 8 (9):1-20.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads133 ( #8,182 of 1,413,361 )
Recent downloads (6 months)20 ( #10,486 of 1,413,361 )
How can I increase my downloads?