David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Graduate Journal of Social Science 2 (2):40-100 (2005)
I motivate the concept of styles of scientific investigation, and differentiate two styles, formal and compositional. Styles are ways of doing scientific research. Radically different styles exist. I explore the possibility of the unification of biology and social science, as well as the possibility of unifying the two styles I identify. Recent attempts at unifying biology and social science have been premised almost exclusively on the formal style. Through the use of a historical example of defenders of compositional biological social science, the Ecology Group at the University of Chicago from, roughly, the 1930s to the 1950s, I attempt to show the coherence and possibility, if not utility, of employing the compositional style to effect the synthesis of biology and social science. I also relate the efforts of the Ecology Group to those of investigators in the Sociology Department of the University of Chicago. In my conclusion, I discuss the usefulness both of employing the category of styles of scientific investigation in historical and philosophical studies of science, as well as the concept of compositionality in scientific studies. I end the paper with some tentative suggestions regarding the importance of compositionality for an analysis of human society.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther, Ryan Giordano, Michael D. Edge & Rasmus Nielsen (2015). The Mind, the Lab, and the Field: Three Kinds of Populations in Scientific Practice. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 52:12-21.
Christian Baron (2013). The Handicap Principle and the Argument of Subversion From Within. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3):347-355.
Similar books and articles
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2006). Parts and Theories in Compositional Biology. Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):471-499.
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2012). Interweaving Categories: Styles, Paradigms, and Models. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):628-639.
Mary Douglas (1996). Thought Styles: Critical Essays on Good Taste. Sage Publications.
Mieke Boon (2011). Two Styles of Reasoning in Scientific Practices: Experimental and Mathematical Traditions. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (3):255 - 278.
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2003). Formal Biology and Compositional Biology as Two Kinds of Biological Theorizing. Dissertation, Indiana University, HPS
Wlodek Zadrozny (1994). From Compositional to Systematic Semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (4):329 - 342.
Merrilee H. Salmon (1993). Reasoning in the Social Sciences. Synthese 97 (2):249 - 267.
Dominic Lopes (1992). Pictures, Styles and Purposes. British Journal of Aesthetics 32 (4):330-341.
Jean-Paul Gaudillière (2004). Genesis and Development of a Biomedical Object: Styles of Thought, Styles of Work and the History of the Sex Steroids. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (3):525-543.
Chunglin Kwa (2012). An “Ecological” View of Styles of Science and of Art: Alois Riegl's Explorations of the Style Concept. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):610-618.
C. Wright Mills (1953). Two Styles of Research in Current Social Studies. Philosophy of Science 20 (4):266-275.
Chris Renwick (2014). Completing the Circle of the Social Sciences? William Beveridge and Social Biology at London School of Economics During the 1930s. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (4):478-496.
U. Deichmann (1996). Genetics in Germany. [Review Of: Harwood J, Styles of Scientific Thought: The German Genetics Community, 1900-1933. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993]. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 29 (100 Pt 1):83-87.
Added to index2011-07-08
Total downloads230 ( #10,874 of 1,796,159 )
Recent downloads (6 months)51 ( #17,765 of 1,796,159 )
How can I increase my downloads?