David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 44 (2):201 - 220 (1983)
It has been a commonplace from the beginnings of philosophical thought that what distinguishes humans from other species is the ability to reason; reason- ing is held to be an essential characteristic of the species and one that is unique to it. The essence condition requires that all humans possess at least the capacity for reasoning and that it be exercised in many of the ordinary cases of acquiring beliefs. And uniqueness entails that non-humans cannot reason, no matter how much their behavior resembles that of humans. I think that a certain specific model of reasoning has been presupposed by proponents of these claims. And there are grounds to believe that this model is inaccurate in essential respects: if reasoning does correspond to it, then few human beliefs are acquired through reason. However, given a more accurate description of what goes on in normal human reasoning, it is no longer plausible to think that only humans reason. So either the essence or the uniqueness claim must be given up. In this paper I argue for the second option.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Alan Millar (2001). Rationality and Higher-Order Intentionality. Philosophy Supplement 49:179-198.
Similar books and articles
Edward Stein (1994). Rationality and Reflective Equilibrium. Synthese 99 (2):137-72.
Laurence Fiddick (2006). Adaptive Domains of Deontic Reasoning. Philosophical Explorations 9 (1):105 – 116.
Stephen Andrew Butterfill & Ian A. Apperly (2009). Do Humans Have Two Systems to Track Beliefs and Belief-Like States? Psychological Review 116 (4):953-970.
Pamela Hieronymi (2009). The Will as Reason. Philosophical Perspectives 23 (1):201-220.
Dan Sperber (2011). Why Do Humans Reason? Arguments for an Argumentative Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):57.
David Martel Johnson (1988). Brutes Believe Not. Philosophical Psychology 1 (3):279-294.
Edward Stein (1997). Can We Be Justified in Believing That Humans Are Irrational? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (3):545-565.
Tobias Starzak (2012). Papineau's Theoretical Rationality and the Anthropological Difference. Philosophia 40 (3):473-482.
Julia Tanner (2009). The Argument From Marginal Cases and the Slippery Slope Objection. Environmental Values 18 (1):51-66.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads38 ( #86,160 of 1,725,629 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #110,407 of 1,725,629 )
How can I increase my downloads?