David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Zygon 46 (1):224-245 (2011)
Abstract. The Western conception of the individual as a rational, self-directing agent is a mythology that organizes and distorts religion, science, economics, and politics. It produces an abstracted and atomized form of engagement that is fatal to collective self-governance. And it turns democracy into the enemy of equality. Considering the meaning of democracy and autonomy from a perspective that takes the subject as truly social would refocus our attention on the constitutive contexts and practices necessary for the production of citizens who are capable of meaningful self-governance. Under modern conditions, it is in the development of sexual autonomy that we learn how to take initiative with respect to our well-being and do so in concert with others. Where the view of rational agency as the defining characteristic of humanity yields a deracinated view of autonomy, a more realistic, humanistic view that we are, necessarily, social beings yields a view of freedom and self-governance as social phenomena that require empathy, negotiation, compromise, cooperation, and mutual recognition and respect
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References found in this work BETA
Jürgen Habermas (1991). The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry Into a Category of Bourgeois Society. The Mit Press.
Thomas S. Kuhn (1996/2012). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. University of Chicago Press.
Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1964). Sense and Non-Sense. Northwestern University Press.
Frank I. Michelman (2005). Brennan and Democracy. Princeton University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Robert A. Segal (2011). What is “Mythic Reality”? Zygon 46 (3):588-592.
John A. Teske (2011). Editorial Overview. Zygon 46 (1):105-110.
John A. Teske (2013). From Embodied to Extended Cognition. Zygon 48 (3):759-787.
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