David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 91 (3):419 - 432 (2010)
In China, guanxi is the basis on which Chinese exchange a lifetime of favors, resources, and business leverage. Guanxi is considered a unique construct and a product of Confucian values and the contemporary political and socioeconomic system in Chinese society. With its cultural embeddings guanxi , as the social norm of conduct, functions as complex adaptive systems that expand and interconnect to become well-knit social networks; meanwhile the functions of well-fixing and self-reinforcement of the guanxi networks ( chuens ) are synergetically activated internally, externally, and interactively, which shows their extreme flexibility of adaptation. Taking as a case study an outside direct investment (ODI) Taiwanese firm in China, we address and conduct a survey to examine the effect of guanxi on management. Results of the research suggest that guanxi is not limited to interpersonal links; it is also the switch that activates social networks and that reconciles interpersonal and internetwork mismatches to influence management efficacy.
|Keywords||culture guanxi complex adaptive systems|
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Citations of this work BETA
Haina Zhang, Malcolm H. Cone, André M. Everett & Graham Elkin (2011). Aesthetic Leadership in Chinese Business: A Philosophical Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 101 (3):475-491.
Shenjiang Mo, Simon A. Booth & Zhongming Wang (2012). How Do Chinese Firms Deal with Inter-Organizational Conflict? Journal of Business Ethics 108 (1):121-129.
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