David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Environmental Ethics 26 (4):411-428 (2004)
Governments of all nations presume they possess full discretionary policymaking powers over the lands and waters within their geopolitical boundaries. At least one global environmental issue—the rapid loss of the world’s biodiversity, the sixth major mass extinction event in geological time—challenges the legitimacy of this presumption. Increment by increment, the present generation is depleting the world’s biodiversity by way of altering species’ habitats for the sake of short term economic gain. When biodiversity is understood as an essential environmental condition—essential in the long term because it is the source of the biological resources upon which humans depend—then the strongly differential distribution of benefits and burdens between generations raises an issue of intergenerational justice. We receive the short-term benefits of economic development; future generations will receive the resulting burden of a biosphere in which one of the life-support systems necessary for humanity will have been compromised. Using Ronald Dworkin’s conceptions of distributive justice, it can be demonstrated that constitutional constraints on the discretionary powers of governments, for the sake of intergenerational justice, are entirely consistent with central tenets of liberal democracy. As a result, we should abandon to some extent the presumption that governments have full jurisdiction over the lands and waters within their boundaries.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Edward A. Page (2007). Justice Between Generations: Investigating a Sufficientarian Approach. Journal of Global Ethics 3 (1):3 – 20.
Axel Gosseries & Lukas Meyer (eds.) (2009). Intergenerational Justice. Oxford University Press.
M. L. J. Wissenburg (2011). Parenting and Intergenerational Justice: Why Collective Obligations Towards Future Generations Take Second Place to Individual Responsibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (6):557-573.
Axel Gosseries (2003). Intergenerational Justice. In LaFollette H. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics. Oxford University Press
Lukas Meyer, Intergenerational Justice. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Clive L. Spash (1993). Economics, Ethics, and Long-Term Environmental Damages. Environmental Ethics 15 (2):117-132.
Terence Ball (1985). The Incoherence of Intergenerational Justice. Inquiry 28 (1-4):321 – 337.
Janna Thompson (2009). Intergenerational Justice: Rights and Responsibilities in an Intergenerational Polity. Routledge.
Laurel Waterman (2008). Sustainability Impeded. Environmental Ethics 30 (2):159-174.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads7 ( #347,503 of 1,781,365 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #295,020 of 1,781,365 )
How can I increase my downloads?