David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Biology and Philosophy 17 (4):567-590 (2002)
Kin selection, reciprocity and group selection are widely regarded as evolutionary mechanisms capable of sustaining altruism among humans andother cooperative species. Our research indicates, however, that these mechanisms are only particular examples of a broader set of evolutionary possibilities.In this paper we present the results of a series of simple replicator simulations, run on variations of the 2–player prisoner's dilemma, designed to illustrate the wide range of scenarios under which altruism proves to be robust under evolutionary pressures. The set of mechanisms we explore is divided into four categories:correlation, group selection, imitation, and punishment. We argue that correlation is the core phenomenon at work in all four categories.
|Keywords||Altruism Group selection Correlation Prisoner's dilemma Evolution|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jaroslav Peregrin (2011). The Enigma of Rules. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (3):377-394.
Boudewijn De Bruin (2005). Game Theory in Philosophy. Topoi 24 (2):197-208.
Jaroslav Peregrin (2014). Rules as the Impetus of Cultural Evolution. Topoi 33 (2):531-545.
Similar books and articles
Bart Voorzanger (1994). Bioaltruism Reconsidered. Biology and Philosophy 9 (1):75-84.
Giovanni Pezzulo & Cristiano Castelfranchi (2009). Thinking as the Control of Imagination: A Conceptual Framework for Goal-Directed Systems. Psychological Research 73 (4):559-577.
P. X. Monaghan (2010). A Novel Interpretation of Plato's Theory of Forms. Metaphysica 11 (1):63-78.
H. E. Baber (1987). How Bad Is Rape? Hypatia 2 (2):125 - 138.
Yasha Rohwer (2007). Hierarchy Maintenance, Coalition Formation, and the Origins of Altruistic Punishment. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):802-812.
David Sloan Wilson (1992). On the Relationship Between Evolutionary and Psychological Definitions of Altruism and Selfishness. Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):61-68.
J. L. Schellenberg (2005). The Hiddenness Argument Revisited (II). Religious Studies 41 (3):287 - 303.
Scott Woodcock (2006). The Significance of Non-Vertical Transmission of Phenotype for the Evolution of Altruism. Biology and Philosophy 21 (2):213-234.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads17 ( #97,810 of 1,101,781 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #117,143 of 1,101,781 )
How can I increase my downloads?