The scope, limits, and distinctiveness of the method of 'deduction from the phenomena': Some lessons from Newton's 'demonstrations' in optics
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):45-80 (2000)
|Abstract||Having been neglected or maligned for most of this century, Newton's method of 'deduction from the phenomena' has recently attracted renewed attention and support. John Norton, for example, has argued that this method has been applied with notable success in a variety of cases in the history of physics and that this explains why the massive underdetermination of theory by evidence, seemingly entailed by hypothetico-deductive methods, is invisible to working physicists. This paper, through a detailed analysis of Newton's deduction of one particular 'proposition' in optics 'from the phenomena', gives a clearer account than hitherto of the method - highlighting the fact that it is really one of deduction from the phenomena plus 'background knowledge'. It argues, that, although the method has certain heuristic virtues, examination of its putative accreditational strengths reveals a range of important problems that its defenders have yet adequately to address.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Jon Dorling (1990). Reasoning From Phenomena: Lessons From Newton. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:197 - 208.
Vicente Aboites (2002). Some Remarks About Newton's Demonstrations in Optics: Newton's Missing Experiment. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (3):455-458.
Francis Jeffry Pelletier (1999). A Brief History of Natural Deduction. History and Philosophy of Logic 20 (1):1-31.
William Harper (2007). Newton's Methodology and Mercury's Perihelion Before and After Einstein. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):932-942.
Howard Stein (1990). "From the Phenomena of Motions to the Forces of Nature": Hypothesis or Deduction? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:209 - 222.
Athanassios Raftopoulos (1999). Newton's Experimental Proofs as Eliminative Reasoning. Erkenntnis 50 (1):91-121.
Margaret Morrison (1992). Some Complexities of Experimental Evidence. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:49 - 62.
Melissa McBay Merritt (2006). Science and the Synthetic Method of the Critique of Pure Reason. Review of Metaphysics 59 (3):517-539.
Brigitte Falkenburg (2011). What Are the Phenomena of Physics? Synthese 182 (1):149-163.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #114,362 of 722,863 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?