David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 158 (1):61-73 (2007)
I re-examine Kuhn’s account of scientific revolutions. I argue that the sorts of events Kuhn regards as scientific revolutions are a diverse lot, differing in significant ways. But, I also argue that Kuhn does provide us with a principled way to distinguish revolutionary changes from non-revolutionary changes in science. Scientific revolutions are those changes in science that (1) involve taxonomic changes, (2) are precipitated by disappointment with existing practices, and (3) cannot be resolved by appealing to shared standards. I argue that an important and often overlooked dimension of the Kuhnian account of scientific change is the shift in focus from theories to research communities. Failing to make this shift in perspective might lead one to think that when individual scientists change theories a scientific revolution has occurred. But, according to Kuhn, it is research communities that undergo revolutionary changes, not individual scientists. I show that the change in early modern astronomy is aptly characterized as a Kuhnian revolution.
|Keywords||Kuhn Scientific revolution Scientific change Research communities Taxonomic change|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Peter Barker, Xiang Chen & Hanne Andersen (2003). Kuhn on Concepts and Categorization. In Thomas Nickles (ed.), Thomas Kuhn. Cambridge University Press. 212--245.
Xiang Chen & Peter Barker (2000). Continuity Through Revolutions: A Frame-Based Account of Conceptual Change During Scientific Revolutions. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):223.
Thomas Kuhn (ed.) (2000). The Road Since Structure. University of Chicago Press.
Imre Lakatos (1970). Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press. 91-195.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
George A. Reisch (1991). Did Kuhn Kill Logical Empiricism? Philosophy of Science 58 (2):264-277.
S. Perovic (2010). Review Essay: Scientific Revolutions Revisited. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (3):523-529.
Paul C. L. Tang (1984). Paradigm Shifts, Scientific Revolutions, and the Unit of Scientific Change: Towards a Post-Kuhnian Theory of Types of Scientific Development. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:125 - 136.
Vasso Kindi (2011). The Challenge of Scientific Revolutions: Van Fraassen's and Friedman's Responses. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (4):327-349.
Paul Hoyningen-Huene (1993). Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn's Philosophy of Science. University of Chicago Press.
K. Brad Wray (2011). Kuhn's Evolutionary Social Epistemology. Cambridge University Press.
B. Pourciau (2000). Intuitionism as a (Failed) Kuhnian Revolution in Mathematics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (2):297-329.
Morton E. Winston (1976). Did a (Kuhnian) Scientific Revolution Occur in Linguistics? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:25 - 33.
Xiang Chen, Hanne Andersen & Peter Barker (1998). Kuhn's Theory of Scientific Revolutions and Cognitive Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):5 – 28.
K. Brad Wray (2003). Is Science Really a Young Man's Game? Social Studies of Science 33:137-49.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads64 ( #25,622 of 1,102,122 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #41,656 of 1,102,122 )
How can I increase my downloads?