Scientific Authorship in the Age of Collaborative Research

I examine two challenges that collaborative research raises for science. First, collaborative research threatens the motivation of scientists. As a result, I argue, collaborative research may have adverse effects on what sorts of things scientists can effectively investigate. Second, collaborative research makes it more difficult to hold scientists accountable. I argue that the authors of multi-authored articles are aptly described as plural subjects, corporate bodies that are more than the sum of the individuals involved. Though journal editors do not currently conceive of the authors of multi-authored articles this way, this conception provides us with the conceptual resources to make sense of how collaborating scientists behave.
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Karen Frost-Arnold (2013). Moral Trust & Scientific Collaboration. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 44 (3):301-310.
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K. Brad Wray (2006). Scientific Authorship in the Age of Collaborative Research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (3):505-514.
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